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ERIC Number: ED017917
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
GRAMMATICAL AND ASSOCIATIVE FACTORS IN SENTENCE RECALL--A PRELIMINARY REPORT.
ROSENBERG, SHELDON
THE RESEARCH REPORTED HERE WAS CARRIED OUT TO EVALUATE THE POSSIBILITY THAT IN THE RECALL OF SIMPLE DECLARATIVE SENTENCES THE SUBJECT-NOUNS ARE EASIER TO RECALL THAN THE OBJECT-NOUNS. SUBJECTS (198 UNDERGRADUATES) WERE EXPOSED TO DECLARATIVE SENTENCES THAT VARIED IN ASSOCIATIVE STRENGTH, SENTENCE TYPE (ACTIVE-PASSIVE), AND THE CLASS OF THE OBJECT-NOUN (ANIMATE-INANIMATE). SENTENCE TYPE WAS VARIED IN AN ATTEMPT TO MANIPULATE THE POSITION OF THE SUBJECT-NOUN AND THE POSITION OF THE OBJECT-NOUN. ASSOCIATION AND SENTENCE TYPE WERE "BETWEEN" VARIABLES, WHILE OBJECT-NOUN CLASS WAS A "WITHIN" VARIABLE. IN AN IMMEDIATE RECALL TEST, HIGH-ASSOCIATION (HA) SENTENCES WERE EASIER TO RECALL THAN LOW-ASSOCIATION (LA) SENTENCES, REGARDLESS OF SENTENCE TYPE OR OBJECT-NOUN CLASS. HOWEVER, LA INANIMATE-OBJECT SENTENCES WERE EASIER TO RECALL THAN LA ANIMATE-OBJECT SENTENCES. FOR ACTIVE SENTENCES THERE WAS NO DIFFERENCE IN RECALL AS A FUNCTION OF OBJECT-CLASS, BUT FOR PASSIVE SENTENCES MORE INANIMATE-OBJECT SENTENCES WERE RECALLED THAN ANIMATE-OBJECT SENTENCES. RECALL OF THE SUBJECT-NOUNS AND THE OBJECT-NOUNS FROM THE SENTENCES VARIED AS A FUNCTION OF ASSOCIATION AND SENTENCE TYPE, BUT NOT AS A FUNCTION OF OBJECT-NOUN CATEGORY. FOR HA ACTIVE, HA PASSIVE, AND LA PASSIVE SENTENCES, THERE WERE NO DIFFERENCES IN THE RECALL OF SUBJECT-NOUNS AS COMPARED WITH OBJECT-NOUNS. HOWEVER, IN THE CASE OF LA ACTIVE SENTENCES, MORE SUBJECT-NOUNS WERE RECALLED THAN OBJECT-NOUNS. THE VERBS OF THE HA SENTENCES (ACTIVE AND PASSIVE) WERE AS EASY TO RECALL AS THE SUBJECT-NOUNS AND THE OBJECT-NOUNS, BUT THE VERBS OF THE LA SENTENCES (ACTIVE AND PASSIVE) WERE MORE DIFFICULT TO RECALL THAN THE SUBJECT-NOUNS OR THE OBJECT-NOUNS. THIS REPORT WAS PUBLISHED IN "STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT IV," 1967, PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, 220 EAST HURON STREET, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48108. (AUTHOR/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: N/A