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ERIC Number: ED014514
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS FROM THE SOCIAL SCIENTIST'S VIEWPOINT.
CLARK, KENNETH
REVIEWED FROM A SOCIAL SCIENTIST'S VIEWPOINT IS THE EFFECT OF THE SUPREME COURT'S 1954 BROWN DECISION ON PATTERNS OF DEFACTO SEGREGATION IN NORTHERN COMMUNITIES. THE DECISION HAD PROFOUND EFFECTS ON DE FACTO SEGREGATION, PARTICULARLY IN RELATION TO THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALS OF EQUALITY AND TO THE DAMAGED SELF-IMAGE CREATED BY SEGREGATED SCHOOLS. IT POINTED THE WAY TO AN INVESTIGATION OF WHETHER OR NOT NORTHERN SCHOOL PATTERNS HAD THE SAME DETRIMENTAL EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS AS THOSE FOUND IN SOUTHERN SCHOOLS PREVIOUSLY SEGREGATED BY LAW. THE FINDING THAT SUCH EFFECTS DID EXIST LED TO POLITICAL PRESSURES FOR REMEDIAL ACTION AND TO FURTHER STUDY AND ACTION BY SOCIAL SCIENTISTS AND EDUCATORS. THE NEW YORK CITY HIGHER HORIZONS PROGRAM WAS A FIRST STEP TOWARD THE DESIGN OF A PROGRAM TO INCREASE THE MOTIVATION, STANDARDS, AND ACHIEVEMENT OF MINORITY GROUP CHILDREN IN PREDOMINANTLY SEGREGATED SCHOOLS. FINDINGS FROM THIS PROJECT HAVE SHOWN THAT SUCH ENRICHMENT AND REMEDIATION, COUPLED WITH OPEN ENROLLMENT POLICIES, MUST BE MORE WIDELY INCORPORATED INTO THE GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. ALTHOUGH RESEARCH IS STILL NEEDED ON THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE VERY EXISTENCE OF RACIALLY HOMOGENEOUS SCHOOLS HAS DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS ON TEACHER MORALE, CHILDREN'S SELF IMAGE, AND PARENTAL ATTITUDES, PROGRAMS MUST BE DEVELOPED TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN GETTING AN INTEGRATED EDUCATION. ADDITIONALLY, LITIGATION MAY STILL HAVE TO BE USED TO CONTEST DE FACTO SEGREGATION. ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN PROCEEDINGS OF AN INVITATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NORTHERN SCHOOL DESEGREGATION--PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS, P. 24-30. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brown v Board of Education; Higher Horizons Program