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ERIC Number: ED002920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Nov
Pages: 121
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE IMPACT OF A VALUE-ORIENTED UNIVERSITY ON STUDENT ATTITUDES AND THINKING.
FOSTER, JULIAN; AND OTHERS
THIS STUDY EXPLORED THE EFFECTS OF A DECLARED INSTITUTIONAL GOAL OF VALUE-ORIENTATION ON THE VALUES OF STUDENTS. THE OBJECTIVES WERE--(1) DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT THE LARGE AMOUNTS OF PHILOSOPHY AND THE THEOLOGY REQUIRED IN A CATHOLIC COLLEGE HAVE AN APPRECIABLE IMPACT ON STUDENTS, (2) DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT UNIVERSITY EXPERIENCE PRODUCES CONFORMITY OR INDIVIDUALISM IN STUDENTS, (3) INVESTIGATE THE EFFECT OF CATHOLIC EDUCATION ON LIBERAL-AUTHORITARIAN BELIEFS IN STUDENTS, AND (4) COMPARE THE DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL THINKING IN A CATHOLIC COLLEGE WITH NON-CATHOLIC INSTITUTIONS. THE BASIC POPULATION USED IN THE STUDY CONSISTED OF THE MALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS ENROLLED IN A SMALL CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY. DATA ON THREE OTHER STUDENT POPULATIONS WERE COLLECTED FOR COMPARISON PURPOSES FROM A NEIGHBORING STATE COLLEGE, A JUNIOR COLLEGE, AND A CATHOLIC COLLEGE PREPARATORY SCHOOL. TESTS WERE ADMINISTERED AT THIS UNIVERSITY ON FOUR OCCASIONS AND ONCE ONLY AT THE OTHER INSTITUTIONS. THE CONTENTS OF THE TEST BATTERIES VARIED WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE STUDY AND THE AMOUNT OF TIME AVAILABLE. A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF THE DATA WAS UNDERTAKEN. ALL STUDENTS WERE TESTED IN SEPTEMBER, 1959, AND THE SENIOR CLASS WAS RETESTED 8 MONTHS LATER, JUST BEFORE GRADUATION. THE REMAINDER OF THE STUDENTS WERE RETESTED 20 MONTHS LATER, IN MAY 1961. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT EXPERIENCE AT A VALUE-ORIENTED UNIVERSITY DOES REDUCE DEVIATION FROM ETHICAL AND THEOLOGICAL DOCTRINES. HOWEVER, STUDENTS WHO CHOOSE SUCH A UNIVERSITY ALREADY CONFORM TO THE DESIRED NORM TO A CONSIDERABLY GREATER EXTENT THAN STUDENTS WHO DID NOT CHOOSE SUCH A UNIVERSITY. THE AREA AVAILABLE FOR IMPROVEMENT AS MEASURED HERE IS NOT, THEREFORE, GREAT. THE MOST MARKED CHANGE WAS A BROADENING OF VALUES. (JL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Santa Clara Univ., CA.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Santa Clara); CRITICAL THINKING IN ETHICS TEST