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ERIC Number: ED002408
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CALIFORNIA, ANNUAL FARM LABOR REPORT, 1961.
LENHART, MARGOT W.
STATISTICAL TRENDS AND GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS IN DIFFERENT AREAS TO AID DIFFERENT TYPES OF FARMERS WERE PRESENTED. BETWEEN 1960 AND 1961, CALIFORNIA'S OVERALL CROP PRODUCTION ROSE BY ALMOST ONE PERCENT, WHILE TOTAL ACREAGE HARVESTED AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION DECLINED SLIGHTLY. FARMING UNDERWENT SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN MANY COMMUNITIES. MORE MACHINES AND LABORSAVING DEVICES PLUS BETTER METHODS AND MATERIALS CONTINUED TO CHANGE MANPOWER NEEDS FOR, AND THE NATURE AND PERFORMANCE OF, MANY FARM JOBS. WHILE LABOR SAVING WAS PROGRESSING, CHANGES IN ACREAGE, PRODUCTION, CONDITIONS, DISPOSITION, SEASON, RATE OF MARKETING, AND SIMILAR FACTORS OFTEN CAUSED A NET INCREASE IN LABOR NEEDS. THE MONTHLY AVERAGE OF TOTAL FARM EMPLOYMENT IN CALIFORNIA DECLINED BY 13,400, MORE THAN HALF OF WHICH REFLECTED THE AVERAGE USE OF 7,700 FEWER CONTRACT FOREIGN WORKERS, 6,900 FEWER FARM FAMILY AND HIRED YEAR-ROUND WORKERS, BUT 1,200 MORE DOMESTIC SEASONAL WORKERS. THE NUMBER OF FARMERS AND UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS CONTINUED TO DECREASE AS HOLDINGS WERE CONSOLIDATED, AND LAND CLOSE TO EXPANDING URBAN AREAS WAS DIVERTED TO NONAGRICULTURAL USE. A NEW REGISTRATION POLICY WAS PUT INTO EFFECT, WHEREBY ALL FARM JOB APPLICANTS, DAY-HAUL OR TRANSIENT WORKERS, WERE TO BE REGISTERED, THE AIM OF THE PROGRAM WAS TO IMPROVE THE REFERRAL AND SELECTION PROCESS. IN THE AREA OF YOUTH FARM WORK, THE DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT SET UP PILOT PROGRAMS TO UTILIZE ORGANIZED GROUPS OF YOUTH NOT USUALLY IN THE FARM LABOR MARKET. UNDER THE PROGRAM A TOTAL OF 23 OFFICES REPORTED 5,334 PLACEMENTS OF YOUTH IN THE SPECIALIZED PROGRAMS. NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL INTEREST CONTINUED TO FOCUS ON RAISING STANDARDS FOR MIGRANT LIFE AND WORK. NONOCCUPATIONAL DISABILITY INSURANCE WAS EXTENDED TO FARM WORKERS INCLUDING MIGRANTS. FUNDS WERE VOTED TO SUPPLEMENT LOCAL HEALTH BUDGETS IN SOME COUNTIES. THE INDUSTRIAL WELFARE COMMISSION ESTABLISHED A MINIMUM WAGE AND SPECIFIED EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN AND MINORS WORKING IN AGRICULTURE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Dept. of Employment, Sacramento.
Identifiers: California (Sacramento)