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ERIC Number: ED001958
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-May
Pages: 70
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROBLEMS OF SEGREGATION AND DESEGREGATION OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS, SYNOPSIS OF CONFERENCE BEFORE THE UNITED STATES COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS, WASHINGTON, D.C., MAY 3-4 1962.
HANNAH, JOHN A.
THE THREE SUBJECTS DISCUSSED AT THE CONFERENCE ON PUBLIC SCHOOL SEGREGATION-DESEGREGATION WERE THE EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS OF SCHOOL SEGREGATION AND DESEGREGATION, FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN PLANNING DESEGREGATION, AND PREPARATION FOR DESEGREGATION. THE SYNOPSIS SUMMARIZES THE DIVERGENT VIEWS EXPRESSED IN THE PANELS AND BY SPEAKERS AT THE CONFERENCE ON THESE SUBJECTS. THE PURPOSES OF AMERICAN SCHOOLS WERE DEFINED AS PROVIDING THE OPPORTUNITY AND THE MEANS FOR EACH STUDENT TO DEVELOP HIS INDIVIDUAL POTENTIAL AND INDUCTING ALL YOUTH INTO AMERICAN CULTURE AND SOCIETY SO THAT THEY MAY ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE IN THE ADULT WORLD. NEGRO CHILDREN ARE VICTIMS OF THE HISTORY OF THEIR RACE AND DESERVE SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL ATTENTION. SOME GUIDELINES SUGGESTED TO MEET THE EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS OF THE NEGRO CHILD INCLUDE--COMPENSATORY OPPORTUNITY IN THE FORM OF LOWER STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO, ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE SERVICES, AND BETTER PHYSICAL FACILITIES, AVOIDANCE OF SOCIAL ENGINEERING (LOCATING SCHOOLS AND ZONING) AS INCONSISTENT WITH THE PURPOSES OF DEMOCRACY, FREEDOM OF CHOICE OR THE OPEN ENROLLMENT POLICY, AND EXTENSIVE TEACHER TRAINING. A CLEAVAGE OF VIEWPOINT, NORTH AND SOUTH, WAS APPARENT IN THE CONSIDERATION OF FACTORS FOR PLANNING DESEGREGATION. SOUTHERN COMMUNITIES OFTEN REFUSED TO CONSIDER DESEGREGATION UNTIL FORCED TO DO SO BY A COURT ORDER. OTHER PERTINENT FACTORS DISCUSSED WERE COMMUNITY ATTITUDES, GRADE-A-YEAR DESEGREGATION PLAN, AVOIDANCE OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PRESSURE ON NEGRO PARENTS, NEED FOR A RACIAL SCHOOL CENSUS, AND INCREASED COST. THE NEED FOR PREPARATION FOR DESEGREGATION WAS RECOGNIZED AS PRIMARILY A SOUTHERN PROBLEM. PLANS OUTLINED EMPHASIZED THE NEED FOR ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT OF BUSINESS LEADERS, CITY OFFICIALS, NEWS MEDIA, SCHOOL PERSONNEL, AND PARENTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA