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Zach, Lisl – Information Outlook, 2002
Discusses budgeting in corporate libraries as a basic tool of financial management. Highlights include focusing on goals; developing a list or matrix of services; resources needed for each service; shared costs; types of budgets, including operating budget, capital budget, and cash budget; and approaches to budgeting, including incremental…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Budgets, Corporate Libraries, Costs
Herman, Jerry J. – School Business Affairs, 1994
With the advent of high speed and sophisticated computer programs, all budgetary systems can be combined in one fiscal management information system. Defines and provides examples for the four budgeting systems: (1) function/object; (2) planning, programming, budgeting system; (3) zero-based budgeting; and (4) site-based budgeting. (MLF)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Computer Oriented Programs, Elementary Secondary Education, Management Information Systems
Koenig, Michael E. D.; Alperin, Victor – Drexel Library Quarterly, 1985
Describes two types of program budgeting that were well received in the literature of the 1960s and 1970s. The results of a survey which examined the impact of zero-based budgeting (ZBB) and planning-programming-budgeting system (PPBS) on library budgets are presented, and potentially useful aspects of program budgeting are identified. (CLB)
Descriptors: Accountability, Budgets, Cost Effectiveness, Library Planning
Drott, M. Carl – Drexel Library Quarterly, 1978
Describes various forms of budgets and discusses concepts in budgeting useful to supervisors of school media centers: line item budgets, capital budgets, creating budgets, the budget calendar, innovations, PPBS (Planning, Programing, Budgeting System), zero-based budgeting, cost-benefit analysis, benefits, benefit guidelines, and budgeting for the…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Cost Effectiveness, Essays, Learning Resources Centers
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Ogden, Daniel M., Jr. – Public Administration Review, 1978
Suggests that the most practical budgeting system for most managers is a formalized combination of incremental and zero-based analysis because little can be learned about most programs from an annual zero-based budget. (Author/IRT)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Federal Government, Federal Programs
Congress of the U.S. , Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Government Operations. – 1977
This is a collection of 16 articles on zero-based budgeting (ZBB), dealing primarily with the practice as it occurs in the states. Included is a lengthy report on ZBB practices in the states based on a survey conducted by the National Association of State Budget Officers and the Congressional Research Service. (IRT)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Finance Reform, Program Budgeting, Resource Allocation
Jefferson, Anne L. – Education Canada, 1995
Decentralizing educational budgets allows the disbursement of funds aimed at maximizing student development. Three strategies for decentralizing budgets are program budgeting, which eliminates line-item budgeting and allows administrators to address questions regarding the relative value of educational programs; zero-based budgeting, which allows…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Decentralization, Decision Making, Educational Finance
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Temple, Charles M.; Riggs, Robert O. – Peabody Journal of Education, 1978
After discussing and analyzing three available alternative budgeting approaches, including incremental, program budgeting, and zero-based budgeting, this article suggests the criteria necessary for a newly adapted system and contends that a program budgeting system would serve most effectively. (DS)
Descriptors: Accountability, Budgeting, Educational Finance, Higher Education
Pinola, Mary; Knirk, Frederick G. – Instructional Innovator, 1984
Defines zero-based budgeting, compares it to traditional budgeting, and discusses five steps of a zero-base budget model: determining organization's goals and refining them into objectives; listing activities to achieve objectives in decision packages; evaluating decision packages; ranking packages by order of importance; and funding decision…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Comparative Analysis, Decision Making, Definitions
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Fischer, William B.; Stauffer, Robert A. – Community and Junior College Journal, 1978
Erie County Community College (New York) has developed a zero-based program budgeting system to meet current fiscal problems and diminished resources. The system allocates resources on the basis of program effectiveness and market potential. (LH)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Community Colleges, Cost Effectiveness, Financial Policy
Gaubatz, Mark R. – Executive Educator, 1995
Since December 1992, the Capac (Michigan) Community School District has adopted zero-based budgeting for 40% of its budget. Instead of building on the previous year's budget, the superintendent requires every staff member and school to justify projected expenditures based on contributions to future educational goals. Academic programs benefit.…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Budgeting, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education
Sharples, Brian – Education Canada, 1979
The author notes four potential limitations to the effective use of Zero Based Budgeting (ZBB) by Canadian school systems: provincial legislation, educational policies, attitudes toward technology, and salary negotiations. He examines the possible consequences of introducing ZBB into a school system. (SJL)
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Budgeting, Educational Administration, Educational Planning
Graeff, Todd – Parks and Recreation, 1984
The management by objective system defines responsibility and evaluates success by setting and measuring the achievement of objectives. The zero based budgeting system starts budget formation at the $0 point and matches dollar amounts to specific goals. Together, these management concepts help develop an organizational structure. (DF)
Descriptors: Evaluation Criteria, Goal Orientation, Management by Objectives, Management Systems
Natale, Jo Anna – Executive Educator, 1993
Superintendent Philip Geiger recently risked unpopularity in one suburban New Jersey district by privatizing the bus service and using savings for a truckload of classroom computers. Armed with an MBA and a passion for zero-based budgeting, Geiger has also braved union displeasure by advocating faculty workload increases in students' interest. An…
Descriptors: Biographies, Business Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Privatization
Wolfe, Lee R. – School Business Affairs, 1978
Offers an alternative to zero base budgeting called multi-level based budgeting. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Accountability, Administrator Guides, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education
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