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Boccia, Maddalena; Vecchione, Francesca; Di Vita, Antonella; D'Amico, Simonetta; Guariglia, Cecilia; Piccardi, Laura – Child Development, 2019
Notwithstanding its well-established role on high-demanding spatial navigation tasks during adulthood, the effect of field dependence-independence during the acquisition of spatial navigation skills is almost unknown. This study assessed for the first time the effect of field dependence-independence on topographical learning (TL) across the life…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Spatial Ability, Role, Navigation
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Gandhi, Tapan K.; Tsourides, Kleovoulos; Singhal, Nidhi; Cardinaux, Annie; Jamal, Wasifa; Pantazis, Dimitrios; Kjelgaard, Margaret; Sinha, Pawan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
It is estimated that nearly 90% of children on the autism spectrum exhibit sensory atypicalities. What aspects of sensory processing are affected in autism? Although sensory processing can be studied along multiple dimensions, two of the most basic ones involve examining instantaneous sensory responses and how the responses change over time. These…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nelson, Jason M. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2015
The double-deficit hypothesis (DDH) of the developmental dyslexias (Wolf and Bowers, "Journal of Educational Psychology", 91, 415-438, 1999) was investigated with 149 adolescents and young adults (age range?=?16 to 24 years) with dyslexia. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a two-factor model with separate naming speed (NS) and…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Adolescents, Young Adults, Factor Analysis
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Petosa, R. Lingyak; Holtz, Brian – American Journal of Health Education, 2013
Background: Health behavior theory generally does not include intrinsic motivation as a determinate of health practices. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the flow theory of exercise adherence. Flow theory posits that exercise can be intrinsically rewarding if the experiences of self/time transcendence and control/mastery are achieved…
Descriptors: Exercise, Health Behavior, Reliability, Validity
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Wilson, Richard H.; Farmer, Nicole M.; Gandhi, Avni; Shelburne, Emily; Weaver, Jamie – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2010
Purpose: To establish normative data for children on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & R. McArdle, 2007). Method: Forty-two children in each of 7 age groups, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years (n = 294), and 24 young adults (age range: 18-27 years) with normal hearing for pure tones participated. All listeners…
Descriptors: Norms, Children, Auditory Tests, Young Adults
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Steinhausen, H.-C.; Eiholzer, U.; Hauffa, B. P.; Malin, Z. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2004
The study of the behaviour profile in subjects with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). A total of fifty-eight 3- to 29-year-old subjects with PWS were studied using a standardized parent report of behavioural and emotional disturbances. There was an increase of behavioural and emotional disturbances for the adolescent and young adult age range, whereas…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Body Composition, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Disorders
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Kiang, Lisa – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2008
Self-reported ethnic labels were examined among 242 young American adults with Chinese ancestry (age range = 18-32 years, M = 23.97; 73% female, 27% male). Ethnic labels fell under broad categories whereby 22% reported heritage national labels (e.g., Chinese), 35% added American to their heritage national label (e.g., Chinese American), and 42%…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Peer Groups, Labeling (of Persons), Chinese Americans
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Cho, Sunghye; Nevler, Naomi; Shellikeri, Sanjana; Parjane, Natalia; Irwin, David J.; Ryant, Neville; Ash, Sharon; Cieri, Christopher; Liberman, Mark; Grossman, Murray – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study examines the effect of age on language use with an automated analysis of digitized speech obtained from semistructured, narrative speech samples. Method: We examined the Cookie Theft picture descriptions produced by 37 older and 76 young healthy participants. Using modern natural language processing and automatic speech…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Older Adults, Aging (Individuals), Language Usage
Silver, Rawley – 1999
This study examined the cognitive skills and attitudes toward self and others in samples of independent seniors and young men and women. Three proceedings were used to address questions of age or gender differences. Study 1 (N=95) compared the scores of older adults (approximate age range, 64-95 years) on the Silver Drawing Test of Cognition and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Development, Age Differences, Aging (Individuals)
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Nah, Yong-Hwee; Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Flower, Rebecca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Although depression and anxiety are the most common comorbidities in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), descriptive data for their prevalence among autistic adults are limited. This study provides descriptive data for a cohort of 155 autistic adults (mean age = 27.1 years, SD = 11.9) of average IQ on the short-form version of the…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Rating Scales, Anxiety Disorders, Stranger Reactions
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Vermeire, Katrien; Knoop, Allart; De Sloovere, Marleen; Bosch, Peggy; van den Noort, Maurits – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between working memory (WM) capacity and speech recognition in noise in both a group of young adults and a group of older adults. Method: Thirty-three older adults with a mean age of 71.0 (range: 60.4-82.7) years and 27 young adults with a mean age of 21.7 (range: 19.1-25.0)…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Speech, Recognition (Psychology), Acoustics
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Van Mourik, Rosa; Oosterlaan, Jaap; Sergeant, Joseph A. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2005
Background: An inhibition deficit, including poor interference control, has been implicated as one of the core deficits in AD/HD. Interference control is clinically measured by the Stroop Colour-Word Task. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the strength of an interference deficit in AD/HD as measured by the Stroop Colour-Word Task…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Control Groups, Intelligence, Young Adults
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Ates, Bahar – Journal of Education and Learning, 2018
The purpose of this study is to determine the age-related effects of power and running speed on agility ability of young soccer players. A total of eighty-one soccer players, who do not have professional contracts with any professional club but play for various local and school teams on a regular basis, have participated (mean age: 17.7±1.16,…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Age Differences, Physical Activities, Measurement
Hossain, Farhana; Terwelp, Emily – MDRC, 2015
In the past four decades, profound changes in the U.S. economy--including falling wages, widening inequality, and the polarization of jobs at the top and bottom of the education and wage distributions--have had dramatic implications for the labor-market fortunes of young adults. Only about half of young people ages 16 to 24 held jobs in 2014, and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Young Adults, Economically Disadvantaged, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
Katrikh, Rena Dinin – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Federal law mandates that transition plans and services be in effect for students with disabilities by the time they turn 16, in order to optimize students' successful movement from high school into postsecondary areas including postsecondary education, competitive employment, independent living, and community participation. Despite currently…
Descriptors: Occupational Therapy, Disabilities, Young Adults, Transitional Programs
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