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ERIC Number: EJ1012674
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5511
Sample Size Limits for Estimating Upper Level Mediation Models Using Multilevel SEM
Li, Xin; Beretvas, S. Natasha
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v20 n2 p241-264 2013
This simulation study investigated use of the multilevel structural equation model (MLSEM) for handling measurement error in both mediator and outcome variables ("M" and "Y") in an upper level multilevel mediation model. Mediation and outcome variable indicators were generated with measurement error. Parameter and standard error bias, confidence interval coverage, and power to detect the "ab" mediated effect using Empirical-M confidence interval estimates were assessed for the correct MLSEM versus a conventional multilevel model (MM) that used composite scores for "M" and "Y." The following conditions were manipulated: level 1 and 2 sample sizes, intraclass correlation, degree of measurement error in "M," and the true value of "ab." The MLSEM more accurately recovered the "ab" effect's value, but serious convergence issues were encountered with MLSEM estimates based on fewer than 80 clusters. More power for detecting a nonzero "ab" was found for MM than for MLSEM estimates. (Contains 8 tables and 2 figures.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A