ERIC Number: EJ1099955
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Intelligence Score Profiles of Female Juvenile Offenders
Werner, Shelby Spare; Hart, Kathleen J.; Ficke, Susan L.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v34 n3 p296-300 Jun 2016
Previous studies have found that male juvenile offenders typically obtain low scores on measures of intelligence, often with a pattern of higher scores on measures of nonverbal relative to verbal tasks. The research on the intelligence performance of female juvenile offenders is limited. This study explored the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) scores of 430 female juvenile offenders. Their mean IQ scores were significantly lower than the standardization sample means. Cluster analysis, which allows for identification of subgroups based on IQ score patterns, revealed five distinct subgroups of girls within the sample based on their WISC-IV Index scores. Although there was a cluster that was similar to the Verbal IQ (VIQ) < Performance IQ (PIQ) pattern described in previous studies, the other clusters serve as a reminder of the diversity of cognitive functioning among juvenile offenders.
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Scores, Profiles, Females, Delinquency, Multivariate Analysis, Intelligence Quotient, Children, Adolescents
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children