ERIC Number: ED176694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
The Determination of Earnings Among College Graduates.
Spaeth, Joe L.
Differences in levels and determinants of earnings for men and women college graduates are examined. Perspectives from human capital theory, research on the socioeconomic achievement process, and research on segmented labor markets are used to design models of the determination of earnings. Data are taken from the National Opinion Research Center longitudinal survey of college graduates for 1961. Earnings measured in 1962, 1964, and 1968 demonstrate a growth in the earnings gap between men and women over time, with greater earnings for men. A gap of $1,900 in 1964 is attributed to men's greater returns from hours worked, by their likelihood of working for profit-making employers, by the concentration in high-paying occupations, and by their higher 1962 earnings. It is suggested that in 1968 men made more money than women because their 1964 earnings were greater, they were more likely to hold doctorate degrees, they were more likely to work in high-paying professions and management, and placed higher value on "making money." The recent rise of the women's movement and the development of affirmative action programs are discussed as having an influence on women's career decisions. Women's entry into traditionally male professions is also noted. It is suggested that the greater supply of full-time women workers today may actually cause the earnings gap to remain rather large. The questionnaire items for analysis of earnings is appended. (Author/SF)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Career Choice, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Degrees (Academic), Employed Women, Employment, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Feminism, Higher Education, Labor Market, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Models, Questionnaires, Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Wages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Survey Research Lab.
Note: The appendix, Questionnaire Items for Analysis of Earnings, may not reproduce well due to marginal legibility of original