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Alzghoul, Loai; AL-Eitan, Laith N.; Aladawi, Mohammad; Odeh, Maher; Abu Hantash, Osama – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study assesses the correlation between vitamin-D deficiency and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. We performed a case--controlled cross-sectional analysis to assess vitamin D levels in 83 children with ASD aged less than 8 years old compared to 106 healthy controls. In addition, the association between vitamin D deficiencies and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Correlation, Males, Autism
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Gomez-Hixson, Kaneen; Biagioni, Ericka; Brown, Melissa L – Journal of American College Health, 2022
Objective: This study evaluated dietary intake patterns of NCAA Division III soccer players compared to recommended levels. Participants: NCAA Division III soccer players (n = 75). Methods: Actual dietary intake was determined by the analysis of a 3-day food record. Results: Results indicate that total energy, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber…
Descriptors: Eating Habits, College Athletics, Athletes, Team Sports
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Baikoglu, Selin – Journal of Education and Learning, 2020
90-95% of vitamin D which has the supreme function of regulating many metabolisms in tissues and organs, is taken from the sunlight through skin. Since wrestling is performed in sun-protected sports halls, we think that a vitamin D replacement will improve the performance of wrestlers, especially as the limited exposure to sunlight is compared to…
Descriptors: Males, Muscular Strength, Athletics, Athletes
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Walton, Catherine; Isaac, Andrew; Kerr, Mike – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Background: Vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of bone disease, muscle weakness and fractures. The aim of this systematic review is to assess for the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in people with learning disability. Method: The "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses" checklist was followed where…
Descriptors: Incidence, Nutrition, Learning Disabilities, At Risk Persons
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Adebisi, Rufus Olanrewaju; Elemukan, Isaiah Sunday; Gomos, Yakubu Doris – Journal of the International Association of Special Education, 2018
The purpose of the study was to establish the vitamin-mineral status of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who exhibit attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Four research questions were formulated for the study. A quasi-experimental of ex post facto research design was used. The study was conducted in four special schools and…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hirokawa, Kumi; Kimura, Takashi; Ikehara, Satoyo; Honjo, Kaori; Ueda, Kimiko; Sato, Takuyo; Iso, Hiroyasu; Kishi, Reiko; Yaegashi, Nobuo; Hashimoto, Koichi; Mori, Chisato; Ito, Shuichi; Yamagata, Zentaro; Inadera, Hidekuni; Kamijima, Michihiro; Heike, Toshio; Iso, Hiroyasu; Shima, Masayuki; Kawai, Yasuaki; Suganuma, Narufumi; Kusuhara, Koichi; Katoh, Takahiko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The purpose of the present study was to investigate associations of dietary intake including vitamin D, folate, and n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in pregnant women with broad autism phenotype (BAP). The Japan Environment and Children's Study is a government-funded birth cohort study. All complete data of 92,011 were analyzed. The…
Descriptors: Eating Habits, Dietetics, Nutrition, Pregnancy
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Ali, Yamna; Anderson, Laura N.; Smile, Sharon; Chen, Yang; Borkhoff, Cornelia M.; Koroshegyi, Christine; Lebovic, Gerald; Parkin, Patricia C.; Birken, Catherine S.; Szatmari, Peter; Maguire, Jonathon L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Several studies have suggested an association between vitamin D in childhood and autism spectrum disorder. No prospective studies have evaluated whether lower vitamin D levels precede ASD diagnoses -- a necessary condition for causality. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate whether vitamin D serum levels in early childhood was…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nutrition, Preschool Children
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Gatica-Domínguez, Giovanna; Rothenberg, Stephen J.; Torres-Sánchez, Luisa; Schnaas, Lourdes; Stein, Aryeh D.; Schmidt, Rebecca J.; López-Carrillo, Lizbeth – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Prenatal folate and vitamin B[subscript 12] status have been linked to child neuropsychological development, but less is known about maternal genetic influences on this association. We conducted an exploratory longitudinal study of 181 mother--child pairs to assess whether maternal MTHFR 677C>T genotype modifies the association between maternal…
Descriptors: Prenatal Influences, Child Development, Genetics, Mothers
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Mazahery, Hajar; Conlon, Cathryn A.; Beck, Kathryn L.; Mugridge, Owen; Kruger, Marlena C.; Stonehouse, Welma; Camargo, Carlos A.; Meyer, Barbara J.; Tsang, Bobby; Jones, Beatrix; von Hurst, Pamela R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We evaluated the efficacy of vitamin D (VID), omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LCPUFA, OM), or both (VIDOM) on core symptoms of ASD. New Zealand children with ASD (n = 73; aged 2.5-8.0 years) received daily 2000 IU vitamin D[subscript 3], 722 mg docosahexaenoic acid, both, or placebo. Outcome measures were Social…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Nutrition
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Adams, Elizabeth L.; Raynor, Hollie A.; Thornton, Laura M.; Mazzeo, Suzanne E.; Bean, Melanie K. – Health Education & Behavior, 2022
Background: The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) provides >30 million meals to children daily; however, the specific nutrient composition of NSLP-selected and consumed meals for students from lower income and racial/ethnic minoritized backgrounds is unknown. Aims: To quantify the nutrients in school lunch selection and consumption among…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Eating Habits, Nutrition
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Esteban-Figuerola, Patricia; Canals, Josefa; Fernández-Cao, José Cándido; Arija Val, Victoria – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorders show higher food selectivity, which restricts consumption of some foods and may cause nutritional deficiencies. The aims of this meta-analysis are to determine the overall differences in nutritional intake and food consumption between children with autism spectrum disorder and control (typical development)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Eating Habits
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Jaconiano, Yasmim R.; Goulart, Juliana S.; Barros, José C.; Michel, Ricardo C. – Journal of Food Science Education, 2021
It began in 1869, and today we have 118 elements listed in the Periodic table, thanks to Mendeleev's work. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen are elements presented in many organic compounds. Some of them can exhibit photophysical and photochemical properties. Herein, we proposed an easy to make an experiment in chemistry classes to connect…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Food, Color, Scientific Concepts
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May, Philip B.; Parker, Frank – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Introduction: Oral bisphosphonates are first-line agents for treating osteoporosis in men, but there are no studies regarding efficacy of oral bisphosphonates for treatment of osteoporosis in ambulatory male adults with intellectual disability. Methods: Nine adult males with intellectual disability and increased fracture risk had been treated with…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Males, Drug Therapy, At Risk Persons
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Adem, Seid M.; Lueng, Sam H.; Elles, Lisa M. Sharpe; Shaver, Lee Alan – Journal of Chemical Education, 2016
Experiments in laboratory manuals intended for general, organic, and biological (GOB) chemistry laboratories include few opportunities for students to engage in instrumental methods of analysis. Many of these students seek careers in modern health-related fields where experience in spectroscopic techniques would be beneficial. A simple, rapid,…
Descriptors: Laboratory Experiments, Spectroscopy, Undergraduate Students, Hands on Science
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Moradi, Hadi; Sohrabi, Mehdi; Taheri, Hamidreza; Khodashenas, Ezzat; Movahedi, Ahmadreza – International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the combined effects of perceptual-motor exercises and vitamin D[subscript 3] supplementation on the reduction of stereotypical behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In this study, 100 eligible children with age ranging from 6 to 9 years were randomly selected and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nutrition, Dietetics
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