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Kane, Michael J.; Poole, Bradley J.; Tuholski, Stephen W.; Engle, Randall W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2006
The executive attention theory of working memory capacity (WMC) proposes that measures of WMC broadly predict higher order cognitive abilities because they tap important and general attention capabilities (R. W. Engle & M. J. Kane, 2004). Previous research demonstrated WMC-related differences in attention tasks that required restraint of habitual…
Descriptors: Memory, Attention, Cognitive Ability, Responses
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Wang, Tsui-Ying; Huang, Ho-Chuan; Huang, Hsiu-Shuang – Computers and Education, 2006
We propose a computer-assisted cancellation test system (CACTS) to understand the visual attention performance and visual search strategies in school children. The main aim of this paper is to present our design and development of the CACTS and demonstrate some ways in which computer techniques can allow the educator not only to obtain more…
Descriptors: Attention Span, Visual Perception, Search Strategies, Test Construction
Hill, Nancy C.; And Others – 1980
The study investigated three variables--juvenile delinquency, academic achievement, and attention span--with 77 incarcerated juveniles [18 emotionally handicapped (EH), 20 learning disabled (LD), 19 educable mentally retarded (EMR), and 20 nonidentified]. The Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude were used for testing in the areas of visual and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Attention Span, Delinquency
Berkell, Dianne E.; Schmelkin, Liora Pedhazur – 1984
A study examined the perceptions of special education interns on a set of diagnostic constructs: (1) mental age; (2) developmental history; (3) IQ; (4) identifying information; (5) family history; (6) medical history; (7) receptive language; (8) fine motor coordination; (9) auditory discrimination; (10) memory; (11) written language; (12) self…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Educational Diagnosis, Higher Education, Learning Disabilities
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Caparos, Serge; Linnell, Karina J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
Selective attention has been hypothesized to reduce distractor interference at both perceptual and postperceptual levels (Lavie, 2005), respectively, by focusing perceptual resources on the attended location and by blocking at postperceptual levels distractors that survive perceptual selection. This study measured the impact of load on these…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Profiles
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Brown, P. Margaret; Bortoli, Anna; Remine, Maria D.; Othman, Basyariatul – Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 2008
The social engagement, social attention skills and social competence of 10 hearing preschoolers and 10 preschoolers with hearing loss were investigated during free play in inclusive oral kindergarten settings using a three-level hierarchical model. When comparing the types of opportunities, at the first level, the children with hearing loss…
Descriptors: Play, Attention Span, Problem Solving, Interaction
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Cowan, Nelson; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe; Kilb, Angela; Saults, J. Scott – Developmental Psychology, 2006
We asked whether the ability to keep in working memory the binding between a visual object and its spatial location changes with development across the life span more than memory for item information. Paired arrays of colored squares were identical or differed in the color of one square, and in the latter case, the changed color was unique on…
Descriptors: Geometric Concepts, Memory, Older Adults, Children
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Mahone, E. Mark – Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 2005
The goal of this review of the clinical and research literature is to identify, describe, and critique published methods for assessment of attention and related functions in preschool children (ages 6 and younger). The need for valid assessment of preschool children has grown dramatically in the past two decades following the implementation of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attention Span, Literature Reviews, Evaluation Methods
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Rossiter, Susan; Stevens, Catherine; Walker, Gary – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2006
Purpose: In 2 experiments, the assumption that continual orienting to tinnitus uses cognitive resources was investigated. It was hypothesized that differences in performance of tinnitus and control groups would manifest during demanding or unfamiliar tasks that required strategic, controlled processing and that reduced performance was not related…
Descriptors: Chronic Illness, Control Groups, Anxiety, Memory
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Spaulding, Tammie J.; Plante, Elena; Vance, Rebecca – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2008
Purpose: The present study was designed to investigate the performance of preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) and their typically developing (TD) peers on sustained selective attention tasks. Method: This study included 23 children diagnosed with SLI and 23 TD children matched for age, gender, and maternal education level.…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Language Impairments, Attention Span, Preschool Children
Haight, Maryellen J.; And Others – 1976
A study was conducted involving eight hyperkinetic males (11-15 years old) to determine if Ss receiving electromyography (EMG) biofeedback training would show a reduction in frontalis muscle tension, hyperactivity, and lability, and increases in self-esteem and visual and auditory attention span. Individual 45- and 30-minute relaxation exercises…
Descriptors: Attention Span, Behavior Change, Biofeedback, Electromechanical Aids
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Johnson, Kia N.; Conture, Edward G.; Walden, Tedra A. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2012
Purpose: This preliminary investigation assessed the attentional processes of preschool-age children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) during Traditional cueing and Affect cueing tasks. Method: Participants consisted of 12 3- to 5-year-old CWS and the same number of CWNS (all boys). Both talker groups participated in two tasks of shifting and…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Investigations, Attention Span, Self Control
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Bundesen, Claus; Habekost, Thomas; Kyllingsbaek, Soren – Psychological Review, 2005
A neural theory of visual attention (NTVA) is presented. NTVA is a neural interpretation of C. Bundesen's (1990) theory of visual attention (TVA). In NTVA, visual processing capacity is distributed across stimuli by dynamic remapping of receptive fields of cortical cells such that more processing resources (cells) are devoted to behaviorally…
Descriptors: Attention Span, Cognitive Processes, Attention, Neurology
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Wilding, John; Burke, Kate – British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2006
This study aimed to extend earlier work (Wilding, Munir, & Cornish, 2001; Wilding, 2003) which showed that children (aged 6-15) who were rated by their teachers as having poor attentional ability made more errors on a visual search task than children rated as having good attentional ability. The present study used a simpler version of the search…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Hyperactivity, Preschool Children, Attention Span
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Schilling, Tammy; McOmber, Kelly; Mabe, Kathy; Beasley, Bess; Funkhouser, Shari; Martinez, Layvette – Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 2006
The purpose of this article is to share with educators the broad developmental benefits, specific challenges, and helpful hints regarding outdoor play for preschoolers, particularly those with limited English proficiency (LEP). In this article, the authors found, that physical play provides some unique opportunities for learning, especially for…
Descriptors: Limited English Speaking, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Play
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