ERIC Number: EJ733199
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Relationship Quality and Domestic Violence in Women's Same-Sex Relationships: The Role of Minority Stress
Balsam, Kimberly F.; Szymanski, Dawn M.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v29 n3 p258-269 Sep 2005
Despite a large body of literature addressing relationship quality and domestic violence in women's same-sex relationships, few studies have empirically examined how stress specific to living as a lesbian or bisexual woman might correlate with these relationship variables. Degree of outness, internalized homophobia, lifetime and recent experiences of discrimination, butch/femme identity, relationship quality, and lifetime and recent experiences of domestic violence were assessed in a sample of 272 predominantly European American lesbian and bisexual women. Lesbian and bisexual women were found to be comparable on most relationship variables. In bivariate analyses, minority stress variables (internalized homophobia and discrimination) were associated with lower relationship quality and both domestic violence perpetration and victimization. Outness and butch/femme identity were largely unrelated to relationship variables. Path analysis revealed that relationship quality fully mediated the relationship between internalized homophobia and recent domestic violence.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Females, Path Analysis, Family Violence, Homosexuality, Anxiety, Social Bias, Sexual Identity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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