ERIC Number: EJ998163
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
Factors Implicated in High Mathematics Achievement
Forgasz, Helen J.; Hill, Janelle C.
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v11 n2 p481-499 Apr 2013
The most recent Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) (2009) mathematical literacy results provide evidence that in Western English-speaking countries, including Australia, the gender gap in achievement appears to be widening in favour of males. In the study reported in this article, the aim was to explore the effects of gender, school type (a measure of socioeconomic background), school learning setting and geographic location on mathematics performance amongst the highest achievers (top 2%) in the grade 12 Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE) mathematics subjects based on results reported in a metropolitan newspaper. The analyses revealed that over the period 2007-2009, males, students from higher socioeconomic backgrounds and those attending metropolitan schools predominated amongst the highest achievers in all three VCE mathematics subjects. Students in single-sex settings, particularly males, were also over-represented. For each factor, the dominance was more pronounced as the level of difficulty of the mathematics subject increased.
Descriptors: High Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Numeracy, Achievement Gap, Gender Differences, Males, Socioeconomic Background, Geographic Location, Single Sex Schools, Grade 12, Secondary School Students, Disproportionate Representation, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 12; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment