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Showing 31 to 45 of 98 results Save | Export
Mahoney, Dan – Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2008
Examining ourselves, why we do what we do, is the essence of human psychology and of ethics. The purpose of this book is to show how educators might choose among ethical approaches to decision-making as they face the choices they make each day. Features include the theory-based ethics and case studies of real and significant issues that teachers…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Theory Practice Relationship, Confidentiality, Moral Values
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Yang, Cheng-Ta – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2011
Change detection requires perceptual comparison and decision processes on different features of multiattribute objects. How relative salience between two feature-changes influences the processes has not been addressed. This study used the systems factorial technology to investigate the processes when detecting changes in a Gabor patch with visual…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Comparative Analysis, Decision Making, Investigations
Zedeck, Sheldon, Ed. – APA Books, 2011
APA Books® announces the "APA Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology"--the first offering in an new reference series covering core and emerging subdisciplines, the "APA Handbooks in Psychology." I/O Psychology is both a science/practice and an applied/basic research discipline. Appropriately, the "APA…
Descriptors: Industrial Psychology, Guides, Organizational Development, Staff Development
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Kusev, Petko; van Schaik, Paul; Ayton, Peter; Dent, John; Chater, Nick – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2009
In 5 experiments, we studied precautionary decisions in which participants decided whether or not to buy insurance with specified cost against an undesirable event with specified probability and cost. We compared the risks taken for precautionary decisions with those taken for equivalent monetary gambles. Fitting these data to Tversky and…
Descriptors: Risk, Probability, Experimental Psychology, Decision Making
Sienknecht, Stephen Eric – ProQuest LLC, 2011
It is commonly believed that twins should be separated in school in order to promote their individuality, decrease dependence on the co-twin, and improve their capacity for higher achievement in school. However, within the past 30 years, researchers have begun to question the utility of these beliefs and the commonplace practice of separating…
Descriptors: Twins, Stereotypes, School Policy, Student Placement
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Rieskamp, Jorg – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2008
Previous research has developed a variety of theories explaining when and why people's decisions under risk deviate from the standard economic view of expected utility maximization. These theories are limited in their predictive accuracy in that they do not explain the probabilistic nature of preferential choice, that is, why an individual makes…
Descriptors: Testing, Probability, Risk, Models
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Wang, Shirley S.; Treat, Teresa A.; Brownell, Kelly D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
This study examines 2 aspects of cognitive processing in person perception--attention and decision making--in classroom-relevant contexts. Teachers completed 2 implicit, performance-based tasks that characterized attention to and utilization of 4 student characteristics of interest: ethnicity, facial affect, body size, and attractiveness. Stimuli…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Females, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Characteristics
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Viegas, Ricardo G.; Oliveira, Armando M.; Garriga-Trillo, Ana; Grieco, Alba – Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 2012
In order to be treated quantitatively, subjective gains and losses (utilities/disutilities) must be psychologically measured. If legitimate comparisons are sought between them, measurement must be at least interval level, with a common unit. If comparisons of absolute magnitudes across gains and losses are further sought, as in standard…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Models, Risk, Decision Making
Hall, Linda De Zell – ProQuest LLC, 2009
Math skills are essential to daily life, impacting a person's ability to function at home, work, and in the community. Although reading has been the focus in recent years, many students struggle in math. The inability to master math calculation and problem solving has contributed to the rising incidence of student failure, referrals for special…
Descriptors: National Curriculum, Mathematics Curriculum, Instructional Development, Intervention
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Grigorenko, Elena L.; Jarvin, Linda; Diffley, Ray; Goodyear, Julie; Shanahan, Edward J.; Sternberg, Robert J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2009
Two studies were carried out to predict academic success in the highly competitive environment of a private preparatory school, Choate Rosemary Hall. The 1st study focused on the question of whether there are indicators beyond middle school grade-point average (GPA) and standardized test scores that might enhance the validity of measures for…
Descriptors: Private Schools, College Preparation, Residential Schools, Academic Achievement
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Sung, Yoonhee; Turner, Sherri L.; Kaewchinda, Marid – Journal of Career Development, 2013
The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the utility of the Integrative Contextual Model of Career Development (ICM) to describe the career development behavior of college students was examined. Second, relationships among educational and career development skills (career exploration, person-environment fit, goal setting,…
Descriptors: College Students, Career Development, Skill Analysis, Decision Making Skills
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Yap, Melvin J.; Balota, David A.; Tse, Chi-Shing; Besner, Derek – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2008
The joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision were examined in 4 experiments as a function of nonword type (legal nonwords, e.g., BRONE, vs. pseudohomophones, e.g., BRANE). When familiarity was a viable dimension for word-nonword discrimination, as when legal nonwords were used, additive effects of stimulus quality…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Word Frequency, Stimuli, Decision Making
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McCloy, Rachel; Beaman, C. Philip; Smith, Philip T. – Cognitive Science, 2008
The utility of an "ecologically rational" recognition-based decision rule in multichoice decision problems is analyzed, varying the type of judgment required (greater or lesser). The maximum size and range of a counterintuitive advantage associated with recognition-based judgment (the "less-is-more effect") is identified for a range of cue…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Cues, Validity, Recognition (Psychology)
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Bramley, Neil R.; Lagnado, David A.; Speekenbrink, Maarten – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Interacting with a system is key to uncovering its causal structure. A computational framework for interventional causal learning has been developed over the last decade, but how real causal learners might achieve or approximate the computations entailed by this framework is still poorly understood. Here we describe an interactive computer task in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Memory, Cognitive Processes, Models
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Yarkoni, Tal; Braver, Todd S.; Gray, Jeremy R.; Green, Leonard – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2005
Although functional neuroimaging studies of human decision-making processes are increasingly common, most of the research in this area has relied on passive tasks that generate little individual variability. Relatively little attention has been paid to the ability of brain activity to predict overt behavior. Using functional magnetic resonance…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Brain, Predictor Variables, Decision Making
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