ERIC Number: EJ1119642
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Substance Use, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Sexual Experiences Vary for Dating Violence Victims Based on Type of Violent Relationships?
Zweig, Janine M.; Yahner, Jennifer; Dank, Meredith; Lachman, Pamela
Journal of School Health, v86 n12 p882-887 Dec 2016
Background: We examined whether substance use, psychosocial adjustment, and sexual experiences vary for teen dating violence victims by the type of violence in their relationships. We compared dating youth who reported no victimization in their relationships to those who reported being victims of intimate terrorism (dating violence involving one physically violent and controlling perpetrator) and those who reported experiencing situational couple violence (physical dating violence absent the dynamics of power and control). Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 3745 dating youth from 10 middle and high schools in the northeastern United States, one third of whom reported physical dating violence. Results: In general, teens experiencing no dating violence reported less frequent substance use, higher psychosocial adjustment, and less sexual activity than victims of either intimate terrorism or situational couple violence. In addition, victims of intimate terrorism reported higher levels of depression, anxiety, and anger/hostility compared to situational couple violence victims; they also were more likely to report having sex, and earlier sexual initiation. Conclusions: Youth who experienced physical violence in their dating relationships, coupled with controlling behaviors from their partner/perpetrator, reported the most psychosocial adjustment issues and the earliest sexual activity.
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Student Adjustment, Emotional Adjustment, Psychological Patterns, Adolescents, Sexuality, Dating (Social), Violence, Victims, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Response, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Case Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools
Sponsor: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 2010WGBX003