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ERIC Number: EJ1167121
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0047-231X
Providing Opportunities for Argumentation in Science Exam Settings
Swanson, Lauren; Solorza, Ruben; Fissore, Cinzia
Journal of College Science Teaching, v47 n3 p25-30 Jan 2018
This article explores undergraduates' efforts to engage in scientific argumentation during exam settings. Thirteen undergraduate students enrolled in an environmental science course completed exams with questions linked around a central theme. Three types of questions were used, including those that prompted students to construct scientific arguments. Structural questions asked students to define or describe foundational concepts, whereas functional questions targeted students' understanding of relationships between topics. Argumentative questions tasked students with applying their understanding of soil science to everyday situations, which connected to the course's overarching goals for student learning. Though each type of question was linked to a central theme (e.g., soil nutrient exchange), the questions prompted students to engage in different cognitive processes. Using linked questions provided a strong forum for students to showcase their level of understanding of soil science. Implications for using these types of questions in an exam setting are discussed.
National Science Teachers Association. 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000. Tel: 800-722-6782; Fax: 703-243-3924; e-mail: membership@nsta.org; Web site: http://www.nsta.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California