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ERIC Number: EJ1040384
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
A Cross-National Analysis of the Student- and School-Level Factors Affecting the Demand for Private Tutoring
Song, Kyoung-Oh; Park, Hyun-Jeong; Sang, Kyong-Ah
Asia Pacific Education Review, v14 n2 p125-139 Jun 2013
Private tutoring has become a worldwide phenomenon, yet there is little empirical evidence for the main factors leading the demand for private tutoring across nations. Using data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study of 2003, this study classified the countries into four different groups according to the proportion of student participation in private tutoring and student achievement. Then, the study explored student- and school-level factors influencing the demand for private tutoring. From the HGLM analysis, the results revealed that the demand for private tutoring in Korea and Taiwan, which have higher participation rates in private tutoring and high-school-quality levels, is mostly explained by student-level variables (educational aspirations, instrumental motivation, self-confidence, and father's education) and school context variables (the community size and school SES). Meanwhile, the demand for private tutoring in the Philippines and Romania, both of which have high incidences of private tutoring and low-school-quality levels, varies widely among schools, and many of the school process variables (e.g., the use of remedial classes, amount of school homework, frequency of tests, and the use of grouping by ability) account for the relationships with private tutoring.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines; Romania; South Korea; Taiwan