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ERIC Number: EJ750942
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Reversing the Truth Effect: Learning the Interpretation of Processing Fluency in Judgments of Truth
Unkelbach, Christian
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v33 n1 p219-230 Jan 2007
Repeated statements receive higher truth ratings than new statements. Given that repetition leads to greater experienced processing fluency, the author proposes that fluency is used in truth judgments according to its ecological validity. Thus, the truth effect occurs because people learn that fluency and truth tend to be positively correlated. Three experiments tested this notion. Experiment 1 replicated the truth effect by directly manipulating processing fluency; Experiment 2 reversed the effect by manipulating the correlation between fluency and truth in a learning phase. Experiment 3 generalized this reversal by showing a transfer of a negative correlation between perceptual fluency (due to color contrast) and truth to truth judgments when fluency is due to prior exposure (i.e., repetition).
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A