ERIC Number: ED283619
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Development of Gender Discrimination: Effect of Sex-Typical and Sex-Atypical Toys.
Etaugh, Claire; Duits, Terri L.
Toddlers (41 girls and 35 boys) between 18 and 37 months of age were given four gender discrimination tasks each consisting of 6 pairs of color drawings. Three of the tasks employed color drawings of preschool girls and boys holding either a sex-typical toy, a sex-atypical toy, or no toy. The fourth employed pictures of sex-typical masculine and feminine toys. The subject's task was to point to the designated target (girl or boy; girl's toy or boy's toy) on each trial. A score of five or more (out of six) correct choices was considered better than chance responding on a given task and was classified as a passing score. Older children performed better than younger children on all tasks. Gender discrimination of pictured children was not enhanced or impaired by adding sex-typical or sex-atypical toys. Only 38 percent of the children passed the task depicting toys alone, while 70 percent passed the tasks portraying children and toys. The results indicated that toddlers' knowledge of sex-role stereotypes for toys is not well developed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A