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Trawick-Smith, Jeffrey; Russell, Heather; Swaminathan, Sudha – Early Child Development and Care, 2011
Although previous research has explored the effects of various environmental influences on young children's play, the influence of toys has rarely been examined. This paucity of toy studies is due to a lack of a scientifically constructed observation system to evaluate the impact of play materials across developmental domains. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Play, Validity, Interrater Reliability, Preschool Children
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Skouteris, Helen; Edwards, Susan; Morris, Heather; Cox, Rachael; Baur, Louise; Wolfenden, Luke; Huang, Terry T. K. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
Preschool children's interest in popular culture is linked to many determinants of obesity development including branded energy-dense foods and sedentary play using digital technologies. In addition, highly packaged foods and throwaway toys reinforce unsustainable environmental habits encouraged by immersive marketing systems. Interrupting the…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Health Education, Well Being, Prevention
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Hashimoto, Yuko; Toda, Yuichi – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The present study examined whether young children demonstrated consistencies in their allocation patterns across distributions of positive and negative resources. Preschool children from younger (age 4-5) and elder (age 5-6) classrooms were asked to allocate rewards when one person contributed more than the other and to allocate the responsibility…
Descriptors: Young Children, Preschool Education, Rewards, Justice
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Northrup, Jessie B.; Iverson, Jana M. – Developmental Psychology, 2020
Early mother-infant coordinated interactions play a critical role in infant development. The present study describes the development of the dyadic coordination of vocalization and gaze behavior between mothers and infants over the first year of life. In addition to describing developmental trajectories of behavior, the study contributes to our…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Infants, Child Development
Harbourne, Regina T.; Dusing, Stacey C.; Lobo, Michele A.; Westcott-McCoy, Sarah; Bovaird, James; Sheridan, Susan; Galloway, James C.; Chang, Hui-Ju; Hsu, Lin-Ya; Koziol, Natalie; Marcinowski, Emily C.; Babik, Iryna – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: There is limited research examining the efficacy of early physical therapy on infants with neuromotor dysfunction. In addition, most early motor interventions have not been directly linked to learning, despite the clear association between motor activity and cognition during infancy. Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate…
Descriptors: Intervention, Infants, Psychomotor Skills, Physical Therapy
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Nichols, Sara R.; Svetlova, Margarita; Brownell, Celia A. – Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2010
The second year of life sees dramatic developments in infants' ability to understand emotions in adults alongside their growing interest in peers. In this study, the authors used a social-referencing paradigm to examine whether 12-, 18-, and 24-month-old children could use a peer's positive or negative emotion messages about toys to regulate their…
Descriptors: Siblings, Play, Infants, Toys
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Vaillant-Molina, Mariana; Bahrick, Lorraine E. – Developmental Psychology, 2012
Early evidence of social referencing was examined in 5 1/2-month-old infants. Infants were habituated to 2 films of moving toys, one toy eliciting a woman's positive emotional expression and the other eliciting a negative expression under conditions of bimodal (audiovisual) or unimodal visual (silent) speech. It was predicted that intersensory…
Descriptors: Evidence, Infants, Toys, Redundancy
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Kim, Jinah; Wigram, Tony; Gold, Christian – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2009
Through behavioural analysis, this study investigated the social-motivational aspects of musical interaction between the child and the therapist in improvisational music therapy by measuring emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness in children with autism during joint engagement episodes. The randomized controlled study (n = 10)…
Descriptors: Play, Music, Autism, Toys
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Lindsey, Eric W. – Early Education and Development, 2014
Research Findings: Two forms of exercise play (toy mediated and non-mediated) and 2 forms of rough-and-tumble (R&T) play (chase and fighting) were examined in relation to preschoolers' peer competence. A total of 148 preschoolers (78 boys, 89 Euro-Americans) were observed during free play at their university-sponsored child care center. The…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Play, Toys, Child Care Centers
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Sobel, David M.; Letourneau, Susan M. – Child Development, 2018
It is widely believed that exploration is a mechanism for young children's learning. The present investigation examines preschoolers' beliefs about how learning occurs. We asked 3- to 5-year-olds to articulate how characters in a set of stories learned about a new toy. Younger preschoolers were more likely to overemphasize the role of characters'…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Beliefs, Inquiry, Learning Processes
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Martoccio, Tiffany L.; Brophy-Herb, Holly E.; Onaga, Esther E. – Infants and Young Children, 2014
This study utilized data from the Michigan component of the National Early Head Start Research and Evaluation study to examine toddlers' joint attention at 14 months (parent report measure of toddlers' initiating behaviors, e.g., extends arm to show you something he or she is holding, reaches out and gives you a toy he or she has been holding, and…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Toddlers, School Readiness, Low Income Groups
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Grueneisen, Sebastian; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Humans constantly have to coordinate their decisions with others even when their interests are conflicting (e.g., when 2 drivers have to decide who yields at an intersection). So far, however, little is known about the development of these abilities. Here, we present dyads of 5-year-olds (N = 40) with a repeated chicken game using a novel…
Descriptors: Coordination, Cooperation, Child Behavior, Preschool Children
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Vander Heyden, Karin M.; Huizinga, Mariette; Jolles, Jelle – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly…
Descriptors: Intervention, Play, Games, Puzzles
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VanderBorght, Mieke; Jaswal, Vikram K. – Infant and Child Development, 2009
Do preschoolers think adults know more about everything than children? Or do they recognize that there are some things that children might know more about than adults? Three-, four-, and five-year olds (N = 65) were asked to decide whether an adult or child informant would better be able to answer a variety of questions about the nutritional value…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Toys, Child Behavior, Help Seeking
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Nicholson, Julie; Kurnik, Jean; Jevgjovikj, Maja; Ufoegbune, Veronica – Early Child Development and Care, 2015
This study used discourse analysis to compare the language adults use to discuss contemporary children's play and children's narratives of their own play experiences. Adult discourse was analysed to determine whether they positioned children through deficit or strength and the attributions of responsibility embedded within their language choices…
Descriptors: Play, Interviews, Discourse Analysis, Language Usage
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