ERIC Number: EJ1147805
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Advances in Mental Health Care: Five N = 1 Studies on the Effects of the Robot Seal Paro in Adults with Severe Intellectual Disabilities
Wagemaker, Eline; Dekkers, Tycho J.; Agelink van Rentergem, Joost A.; Volkers, Karin M.; Huizenga, Hilde M.
Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v10 n4 p309-320 2017
Background: The evidence base for psychological treatments for autism and mood disorders in people with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited. Recent promising robot-based innovations in mental health care suggest that robot-based animal assisted therapy (AAT) could be useful to improve social skills and mood in people with moderate to severe ID. This study explores the efficacy of the innovative therapeutic robot seal Paro on alertness and mood in adults with moderate to severe ID. Method: Five N = 1 studies were performed in adults (59-70 years) with moderate to severe ID. During a control phase of four weeks, participants could interact with a plush seal, which was replaced by the robot seal Paro during an equally long treatment phase. Results: In one participant, alertness and mood, as rated by supervisors, improved during the treatment phase as compared to the baseline phase. The other four participants did not improve on either of the outcome measures. Conclusion: We conclude that robot-based AAT does not have clear beneficial effects on alertness and mood in adults with moderate to severe ID, but that positive interactions with the robot seal could be of therapeutic value in itself.
Descriptors: Adults, Robotics, Mental Health, Health Services, Therapy, Animals, Moderate Intellectual Disability, Severe Intellectual Disability, Emotional Response, Psychological Patterns, Program Effectiveness, Interaction, Observation, Rating Scales, Regression (Statistics)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A