ERIC Number: EJ1059167
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
To Share or Not to Share: Parental, Sibling, and Situational Influences on Sharing with a Younger Sibling
Van Berkel, Sheila R.; Van der Pol, Lotte D.; Groeneveld, Marleen G.; Hallers-Haalboom, Elizabeth T.; Endendijk, Joyce J.; Mesman, Judi; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v39 n3 p235-241 May 2015
Sharing is an important indicator of internalised prosocial values. We examined predictors of sharing of 302 preschoolers with their younger siblings in a one-year longitudinal study. Sharing was observed during different home visits, once with father and once with mother. We examined the following predictors: both children's externalising behaviour, observed parental sensitivity, and situational factors. Preschoolers' sharing was stable and increased with age. Preschoolers shared more when sharing was preceded by a structured interaction with a parent compared to free play with an unfamiliar adult. At age 4 they shared more in fathers' presence than in mothers' presence. Neither parental sensitivity nor child behaviour were related to sharing. These findings demonstrate stability and the importance of situational factors in the development of prosocial behaviour.
Descriptors: Influences, Siblings, Parents, Parent Influence, Sibling Relationship, Predictor Variables, Preschool Children, Longitudinal Studies, Child Behavior, Parent Role, Context Effect, Age Differences, Interaction, Play, Adults, Fathers, Mothers, Gender Differences, Prosocial Behavior, Observation, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Coding
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands