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Davis, Elspeth; Eivers, Areana; Thorpe, Karen – Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 2012
Evidence concerning the impact of child care on child development suggests that higher-quality environments, particularly those that are more responsive, predict more favourable social and behavioural outcomes. However, the extent of this effect is not as great as might be expected. Impacts on child outcomes are, at best, modest. One recent…
Descriptors: Child Care, Child Development, Evidence, Caregivers
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Belsky, Jay; Pluess, Michael – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2012
Much research on the quality of child care reveals it--in the case of low-quality child care--to be related to poorer child functioning, net of confounding factors, perhaps especially in the case of cognitive-linguistic performance. Recent work using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early…
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Child Health, Infants, Child Care
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Cano, M. E.; Cordova-Fraga, T.; Sosa, M.; Bernal-Alvarado, J.; Baffa, O. – European Journal of Physics, 2008
A description of the measurement procedure, related theory and experimental data analysis of the magnetic susceptibility of materials is given. A short review of previous papers in the line of this subject is presented. This work covers the whole experimental process, in detail, and presents a pragmatic approach for pedagogical sake. (Contains 2…
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Equations (Mathematics), Problem Solving, College Science
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Lotz, Albert – Journal of Chemical Education, 2008
Variable temperature equipment for the magnetic susceptibility balance MSB-MK1 of Sherwood Scientific, Ltd., is described. The sample temperature is controlled with streaming air heated by water in a heat exchanger. Whereas the balance as sold commercially can be used only for room temperature measurements, the setup we designed extends the…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Climate, Laboratory Equipment, Laboratory Experiments
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Levy-Gigi, Einat; Vakil, Eli – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2010
The influence of contextual similarity on children's recognition memory performance was examined using a retroactive interference paradigm. In the study, 9- and 12-year-olds were randomly assigned to one of two contextual conditions. In both conditions, target and interfering information were presented in distinctive contexts by using different…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Context Effect
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Kegel, Cornelia A. T.; Bus, Adriana G.; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2011
Not every child seems equally susceptible to the same parental, educational, or environmental influences even if cognitive level is similar. This study is the first randomized controlled trial to apply the differential susceptibility paradigm to education in relation to children's genotype and early literacy skills. A randomized pretest-posttest…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Intervention, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Computer Software
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Trucco, Elisa M.; Colder, Craig R.; Bowker, Julie C.; Wieczorek, William F. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2011
Though peer socialization theories are prominent in the adolescent substance use literature, variability in the degree to which adolescents are vulnerable to peer influence is likely, and few studies have examined this issue. This study examines the association between perceived peer substance use/approval of substance use and adolescent…
Descriptors: Socialization, Prevention, Early Adolescents, Risk
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Latendresse, Shawn J.; Bates, John E.; Goodnight, Jackson A.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Budde, John P.; Goate, Alison; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Dick, Danielle M. – Child Development, 2011
The present study characterized prototypical patterns of development in self-reported externalizing behavior, between 12 and 22 years of age, within a community sample of 452 genotyped individuals. A Caucasian subset (n = 378) was then examined to determine whether their probabilities of displaying discrete trajectories were differentially…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Adolescents, Peer Groups, Whites
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Modin, Bitte; Ostberg, Viveca; Almquist, Ylva – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2011
This study examined the extent to which sixth grade peer status could predict anxiety and/or depression in 5,242 women and 5,004 men who were born in 1953 and whose hospital records were followed up from 1973-2003. The data used was the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study. While no association could be established for men, results indicated that women…
Descriptors: Females, Academic Achievement, Children, Grade 9
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Laucht, Manfred; Blomeyer, Dorothea; Buchmann, Arlette F.; Treutlein, Jens; Schmidt, Martin H.; Esser, Gunter; Jennen-Steinmetz, Christine; Rietschel, Marcella; Zimmermann, Ulrich S.; Banaschewski, Tobias – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Recently, first evidence has been reported for a gene-parenting interaction (G x E) with regard to adolescent alcohol use. The present investigation set out to extend this research using the catechol-O-methyltransferase ("COMT") "Val[superscript 158]Met" polymorphism as a genetic susceptibility factor. Moreover, the current study…
Descriptors: Evidence, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Drinking
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Lozano, Paula; Arillo-Santillán, Edna; Barrientos-Gutíerrez, Inti; Reynales Shigematsu, Luz Myriam; Thrasher, James F. – Health Education & Behavior, 2019
Background: This study examined how risk perceptions and social norms around e-cigarettes are associated with susceptibility (i.e., openness to using the product in the next 12 months) of e-cigarettes and smoking among adolescents. Methods: We analyzed data from a 2016 representative survey of 8,718 middle school students in Mexico. The study…
Descriptors: Smoking, Social Attitudes, Social Influences, Adolescents
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Scott, Stephen; O'Connor, Thomas G. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: The concept of differential susceptibility has challenged the potential meaning of personal traits such as poor ability to regulate emotions. Under the traditional model of diathesis/stress, personal characteristics such as liability to angry outbursts are seen as essentially disadvantageous, emerging under duress in a way that is…
Descriptors: Intervention, Control Groups, Comparative Analysis, Child Rearing
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Van der Kooy-Hofland, Verna A. C.; Van der Kooy, Jacoba; Bus, Adriana G.; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bonsel, Gouke J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
In a randomized control trial, the authors tested whether short- and long-term effects of an early literacy intervention are moderated by mild perinatal adversities in accordance with differential susceptibility theory. One-hundred 5-year-old children (58% male) who scored at or below the 30th percentile on early literacy measures were randomized…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Research, Research Design, Control Groups
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Soto-Cruz, Isabel; Legorreta-Herrera, Martha – Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 2009
We have devised and implemented a module for an upper division undergraduate laboratory based on the amplification and analysis of a p53 polymorphism associated with cancer susceptibility. First, students collected a drop of peripheral blood cells using a sterile sting and then used FTA cards to extract the genomic DNA. The p53 region is then PCR…
Descriptors: Cancer, Genetics, Science Laboratories, Biochemistry
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Monahan, Kathryn C.; Steinberg, Laurence; Cauffman, Elizabeth – Developmental Psychology, 2009
Developmental theories suggest that affiliation with deviant peers and susceptibility to peer influence are important contributors to adolescent delinquency, but it is unclear how these variables impact antisocial behavior during the transition to adulthood, a period when most delinquent individuals decline in antisocial behavior. Using data from…
Descriptors: Socialization, Delinquency, Antisocial Behavior, Adolescents
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