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Showing 61 to 75 of 117 results Save | Export
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Winer, Gerald A.; McGlone, Chadd – Developmental Psychology, 1993
Three studies of preadolescents and college students found that many children and adults failed to give logically correct answers when presented with misleading weight conservation questions. The results show the importance of suggestibility and context. (MDM)
Descriptors: Adults, Conservation (Concept), Context Effect, Logical Thinking
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McCrory, Eamon; Henry, Lucy A.; Happe, Francesca – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) present with a particular profile of memory deficits, executive dysfunction and impaired social interaction that may raise concerns about their recall and reliability in forensic and legal contexts. Extant studies of memory shed limited light on this issue as they involved either…
Descriptors: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction
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Roberts, Kim P.; Powell, Martine B. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2006
Participants (6- and 7-year-olds, "N" = 130) participated in classroom activities four times. Children were interviewed about the final occurrence (target event) either 1 week or 4 weeks later, during which half of the event items were described inaccurately. Half of these suggestions were consistent with the theme of the detail across…
Descriptors: Young Children, Class Activities, Memory, Reliability
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Roebers, Claudia M. – Developmental Psychology, 2002
Three studies investigated the role of 8- and 10-year-olds' and adults' metacognitive monitoring and control processes for unbiased event recall tasks and suggestibility. Findings suggested strong tendencies to overestimate confidence regardless of age and question format. Children did not lack principal metacognitive competencies when questions…
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Gobbo, Camilla; Mega, Carolina; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2002
Two experiments examined effects of event modality on young children's memory and suggestibility. Findings indicated that 5-year-olds were more accurate than 3-year-olds and those participating in the event were more accurate than those either observing or listening to a narrative. Assessment method, level of event learning, delay to testing, and…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Evaluation, Memory
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Roebers, Claudia M.; Gelhaar, Tim; Schneider, Wolfgang – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2004
The current study investigated the influence of presentation modality (live, video, and slide show) on children's memory, suggestibility, recognition, and metamemorial monitoring processes. A total of 270 children in three age groups (5- and 6-year-olds, 7- and 8-year-olds, and 9- and 10-year-olds) watched a magic show and were questioned about it…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Recall (Psychology), Videotape Recordings, Self Concept
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Lindsay, D. Stephen; Allen, Bem P.; Chan, Jason C. K.; Dahl, Leora C. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2004
We explored the effect of the degree of conceptual similarity between a witnessed event and an extra-event narrative on eyewitness suggestibility. Experiments 1A and 1B replicated Allen and Lindsay's (1998) finding that subjects sometimes intrude details from a narrative description of one event into their reports of a different visual event.…
Descriptors: Memory, Foreign Countries, Cognitive Tests, Cognitive Psychology
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Gilstrap, Livia L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied, 2004
Despite suggestibility researchers' focus on adult behaviors that distort children's reports, whether behaviors examined in experimental work are used in the field is unknown. The current study presents a mutually exclusive and exhaustive hierarchical coding system that reflects interview questioning behaviors of concern in experimental work. The…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Interviews, Young Children, Researchers
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Thierry, Karen L.; Spence, Melanie J. – Developmental Psychology, 2002
Investigated whether source-monitoring training would decrease 3- to 4-year-olds' suggestibility. After observing live or video target-events, children received source-monitoring or recognition (control) training. Found that children given source-monitoring training were more accurate than control group children in response to misleading and…
Descriptors: Credibility, Information Sources, Memory, Performance Factors
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Roebers, C.M.; Schneider, W. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2005
We report two empirical studies that investigated previously reported benefits of a high accuracy motivation, and thus a high threshold, for children's and adults' event recall and for their ability to resist false suggestions. In the studies, 6-, 7-, and 8-year-olds, as well as adults, were shown a brief video about an event and were later asked…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Memorization, Feedback, Recall (Psychology)
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Roebers, C.M.; Schneider, W. – Cognitive Development, 2005
In this paper, two empirical studies are presented in which an attempt was made to explain individual differences in two different aspects of 4-year-olds' suggestibility, that is, their ability to resist false suggestions and memory impairments due to prior misinformation. As sources of individual differences cognitive skills along the information…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Young Children, Language Proficiency, Information Processing
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Richardson, G.; And Others – Journal of Adolescence, 1995
Sixty-five juvenile offenders in residential care completed the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale, and their scores were matched for IQ and memory with those of 60 adult offenders. The juveniles gave in significantly more to interrogative pressure through negative feedback but were no more yielding to leading questions than adults. (JPS)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Correctional Institutions, Criticism
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Newcombe, Peter A.; Siegal, Michael – Cognition, 1996
Investigated preschool children's suggestibility following exposure to biased information. Children heard a story followed the next day by either biased, unbiased, or no information. Found that children were able to identify the original story details six days later when the questions were phrased in an explicit manner that referred to the time of…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Preschool Children, Recall (Psychology), Story Reading
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Powell, Martine B.; Roberts, Kim P.; Ceci, Stephen J.; Hembrooke, Helene – Developmental Psychology, 1999
Examined effect of suggestive questions on 3- to 5-year-olds' and 6- to 8-year-olds' recall of the final occurrence of repeated event. Found that relative to reports of children experiencing single occurrence, reports about fixed items of repeated events were less contaminated by false suggestions. Children's age and delay of interview were…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Memory, Performance Factors
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Leavitt, Frank – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1997
Suggestibility was measured in 44 adult patients who recovered memories and in 31 comparison patients. Results suggest that patients who recovered memories were significantly less suggestible than average. Control patients with no history of sexual abuse were more at risk for altering memory to suggestive prompts. (Author/PB)
Descriptors: Adults, Child Abuse, Comparative Analysis, Long Term Memory
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