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Tichenor, Seth E.; Yaruss, J. Scott – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Numerous frameworks and definitions have sought to differentiate what behaviors and experiences should be considered as a part of stuttering. Nearly all of these efforts have been based on the perspectives and beliefs of conversational partners and listeners. This outside-in approach to defining stuttering lacks validation from people who…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Definitions, Adults, Experience
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Zamani, Peyman; Ravanbakhsh, Majid; Weisi, Farzad; Rashedi, Vahid; Naderi, Sara; Hosseinzadeh, Ayub; Rezaei, Mohammad – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
Speech disfluency in children can be increased or decreased depending on the type of linguistic task presented to them. In this study, the effect of sentence imitation and sentence modeling on severity of speech disfluencies in preschool children with stuttering is investigated. In this cross-sectional descriptive analytical study, 58 children…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Stuttering, Severity (of Disability), Task Analysis
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Wagovich, Stacy A.; Hall, Nancy E. – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
Children's frequency of stuttering can be affected by utterance length, syntactic complexity, and lexical content of language. Using a unique small-scale within-subjects design, this study explored whether language samples that contain more stuttering have (a) longer, (b) syntactically more complex, and (c) lexically more diverse utterances than…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Lexicology, Syntax, Word Frequency
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Onslow, Mark; Jones, Mark; O'Brian, Sue; Packman, Ann; Menzies, Ross; Lowe, Robyn; Arnott, Simone; Bridgman, Kate; de Sonneville, Caroline; Franken, Marie-Christine – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: This report investigates whether parent-reported stuttering severity ratings (SRs) provide similar estimates of effect size as percentage of syllables stuttered (%SS) for randomized trials of early stuttering treatment with preschool children. Method: Data sets from 3 randomized controlled trials of an early stuttering intervention were…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Severity (of Disability), Effect Size, Preschool Children
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Lucey, Jaclyn; Evans, David; Maxfield, Nathan D. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The study aim was to determine whether self-reported temperament traits differentiate adults who stutter (AWS) from adults who do not stutter (AWNS). Additionally, associations between temperament and stuttering frequency, and between temperament and quality of life impacts of stuttering, were investigated in AWS. Method: Self-reported…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Quality of Life, Individual Characteristics, Adults
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Adriaensens, Stefanie; Struyf, Elke – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2016
Purpose: The study identifies teachers' beliefs about and attitudes toward stuttering and explores to what extent these beliefs and attitudes prompt specific teachers' reactions to the stuttering of a student. Method: Participants were teachers in secondary education in Flanders (Belgium), currently teaching an adolescent who stutters. They were…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Attitudes toward Disabilities
Eissa Saad, Mourad Ali; Kamel, Omaima Mostafa – Online Submission, 2019
The Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (stuttering) reflects a marked impairment in speech fluency that is not attributable to stroke or another medical condition, and developmental or mental disorder (Birstein, 2015). This article examines Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering): An interruption in the flow of speaking. The focus is on the…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Impairments, Children, Definitions
Saad, Mourad Ali Eissa; Kamel, Omaima Mostafa – International Journal of Psycho-Educational Sciences, 2019
The Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (stuttering) reflects a marked impairment in speech fluency that is not attributable to stroke or another medical condition, and developmental or mental disorder (Birstein, 2015). This article examines Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering): An interruption in the flow of speaking. The focus is on the…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Impairments, Children, Definitions
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Morrish, Taryn; Nesbitt, Amy; le Roux, Mia; Zsilavecz, Ursula; van der Linde, Jeannie – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2017
Research involving stuttering in multilingual individuals is limited. Speech-language therapists face the challenge of treating a diverse client base, which includes multilingual individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the stuttering moments across English, Afrikaans, and German in a multilingual speaker. A single multilingual adult with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Stuttering, Multilingualism, Case Studies
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Smith, Kylie A.; Iverach, Lisa; O'Brian, Susan; Mensah, Fiona; Kefalianos, Elaina; Hearne, Anna; Reilly, Sheena – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: To examine if a community sample of 11-year-old children with persistent stuttering have higher anxiety than children who have recovered from stuttering and nonstuttering controls. Method: Participants in a community cohort study were categorized into 3 groups: (a) those with persistent stuttering, (b) those with recovered stuttering, and…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Stuttering, Regression (Statistics), Autism
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Byrd, Courtney T.; Donaher, Joseph – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2018
Purpose: Best practice for developmental stuttering remains a topic of debate. In the clinical forum following the introduction, four fluency experts balance the evidence and expertise to describe their approach to assessment and treatment.
Descriptors: Best Practices, Developmental Disabilities, Stuttering, Expertise
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Arena, Richard M.; Walker, Elizabeth A.; Oleson, Jacob J. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2017
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Partial Hearing, Children, Parents
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Smith, Anne; Weber, Christine – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: We advanced a multifactorial, dynamic account of the complex, nonlinear interactions of motor, linguistic, and emotional factors contributing to the development of stuttering. Our purpose here is to update our account as the multifactorial dynamic pathways theory. Method: We review evidence related to how stuttering develops, including…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Therapy, Speech Language Pathology, Preschool Children
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Kefalianos, Elaina; Onslow, Mark; Ukoumunne, Obioha C.; Block, Susan; Reilly, Sheena – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain if there is an association between stuttering severity and behaviors and the expression of temperament characteristics, including precursors of anxiety. Method: We studied temperament characteristics of a prospectively recruited community cohort of children who stutter (N = 173) at ages 3, 4, and…
Descriptors: Personality, Stuttering, Case Studies, Preschool Children
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Howell, Peter; Tang, Kevin; Tuomainen, Outi; Chan, Sin Kan; Beltran, Kirsten; Mirawdeli, Avin; Harris, John – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2017
Background: Stuttering and word-finding difficulty (WFD) are two types of communication difficulty that occur frequently in children who learn English as an additional language (EAL), as well as those who only speak English. The two disorders require different, specific forms of intervention. Prior research has described the symptoms of each type…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Communication Problems, English (Second Language), Intervention
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