ERIC Number: EJ910981
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 111
Contextual Stress and Health Risk Behaviors among African American Adolescents
Copeland-Linder, Nikeea; Lambert, Sharon F.; Chen, Yi-Fu; Ialongo, Nicholas S.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v40 n2 p158-173 Feb 2011
This study examined the longitudinal association between contextual stress and health risk behaviors and the role of protective factors in a community epidemiologically-defined sample of urban African American adolescents (N = 500; 46.4% female). Structural equation modeling was used to create a latent variable measuring contextual stress (community violence, neighborhood disorder, and experiences with racial discrimination). Contextual stress in 8th grade was associated with aggressive behavior and substance use 2 years later for boys. For girls, contextual stress predicted later substance use, but not aggressive behavior. High academic competence and self-worth reduced the impact of contextual stress on substance use for boys. Implications for intervention and directions for future research on health risk behaviors among African American adolescents are discussed.
Descriptors: Aggression, Structural Equation Models, Racial Discrimination, Adolescents, Grade 8, Males, African Americans, Females, Substance Abuse, Interpersonal Competence, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A