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ERIC Number: EJ998408
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-7757
Assets, Economic Opportunity and Toxic Stress: A Framework for Understanding Child and Educational Outcomes
Shanks, Trina R. Williams; Robinson, Christine
Economics of Education Review, v33 p154-170 Apr 2013
A large body of evidence indicates that socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of school achievement, college graduation and child outcomes in general. Better developmental and health outcomes are strongly associated with family assets, income and education. We introduce a model incorporating a range of theoretical and empirical literature about the relationships between a household's socio-economic position, household interactions, and child educational outcomes. The intention is to illustrate how these frequently cited factors are exacerbated and aligned by stress or difficult environments which cause long-term challenges for children in high-risk circumstances. Finally, we modify the model to illustrate the dynamic nature of these relationships, highlighting how the developmental trajectory of a child who lives with toxic stress might differ from a comparable child with social supports in a situation of low or tolerable stress. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A