ERIC Number: EJ1035330
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Stereotype Threat Effects on African American Children in an Urban Elementary School
Wasserberg, Martin J.
Journal of Experimental Education, v82 n4 p502-517 2014
This study investigated whether a diagnostic testing condition leads to stereotype threat effects for African American children (n = 198) at an urban elementary school. Results indicated that presenting a reading test as diagnostic of abilities hindered the performance of African American children aware of racial stereotypes but not of those unaware of such stereotypes. For stereotype-aware children, the effect of stereotype threat on performance was moderated by level of domain identification such that the effects were most pronounced among children placing greater value on achievement. In addition, domain identification contributed to greater anxiety and lower self-efficacy, suggesting that it is a primary vulnerability factor for stereotype threat effects. Implications for educational equity are discussed, as well as suggestions for developing interventions capable of attenuating stereotype threat effects among children.
Descriptors: African American Students, Urban Schools, Stereotypes, Elementary School Students, Racial Bias, Social Attitudes, Anxiety, Self Efficacy, Diagnostic Tests, Reading Tests, Reading Ability, Identification (Psychology), Values, Reading Achievement, Reading Comprehension, Intelligence, Hypothesis Testing, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Qualitative Research, Knowledge Level, Vignettes, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Patterns of Adaptive Learning Survey; State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children