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Skorinko, Jeanine Lee McHugh – Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2018
This paper describes a classroom demonstration that showcases how pre-existing beliefs (e.g., stereotypes) influence problem-solving. Across four studies, participants solved riddles with gender stereotype-consistent (e.g. doctor is male) or gender stereotype-inconsistent (e.g., doctor is female; barber is female) solutions. Solve time, perceived…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Social Attitudes, Problem Solving, Time
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Morin-Messabel, Christine; Ferrière, Séverine; Martinez, Frederic; Devif, Julie; Reeb, Laurence – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2017
The dynamics of the construction and perpetuation of gender stereotypes are classic research subjects in social psychology and in the field of educational guidelines in France. The most recent government decree aims to counter stereotypes in schools, by exposing pupils to counter-stereotypes. This study examines the effects of activating…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Stereotypes, Social Psychology, Change Strategies
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Galdi, Silvia; Cadinu, Mara; Tomasetto, Carlo – Child Development, 2014
Although stereotype awareness is a prerequisite for stereotype threat effects (Steele & Aronson, 1995), research showed girls' deficit under stereotype threat before the emergence of math-gender stereotype awareness, and in the absence of stereotype endorsement. In a study including 240 six-year-old children, this paradox was addressed by…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Females, Mathematics Skills, Social Bias
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Ghavami, Negin; Peplau, Letitia Anne – Child Development, 2018
Heterosexual urban middle school students' (N = 1,757) stereotypes about gender typicality, intelligence, and aggression were assessed. Students (M[subscript age] = 12.36 years) rated Facebook-like profiles of peers who varied by gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Several hypotheses about how the gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation…
Descriptors: Urban Youth, Middle School Students, Sexual Orientation, Ethnicity
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Rogers, Leoandra Onnie; Way, Niobe – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2016
Adolescents form their identities by both accommodating (endorsing) and resisting (challenging) cultural stereotypes. Most research on Black males focuses on how they accommodate to negative stereotypes (e.g., delinquency, aggression), but a growing literature emphasizes how youth resist stereotypes. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed to…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Stereotypes, Race, Sex Stereotypes
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Goldstein, Susan B. – Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 2017
An underinvestigated and significant source of stress for U.S. student sojourners across racial/ethnic groups is exposure to stereotypes that target their American identity. This study built on the extensive research literature on stereotype threat to investigate U.S. students' vulnerability and reactions to being the target of stereotypes.…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Social Bias, Racial Bias, Ethnic Stereotypes
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Fetherston, Michelle – Communication Teacher, 2016
Course: Organizational Communication. Objectives: After completing this single-class activity, students should be able to (1) identify stereotypes that are created and/or reinforced by images frequently used in communication materials, (2) explain how those stereotypes influence communication and relational barriers in organizations, and (3)…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Organizational Communication, Course Objectives, Class Activities
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Wrape, Elizabeth R.; Dittloff, Alexandra L.; Callahan, Jennifer L. – Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 2016
Previous studies have established that gender stereotypes are associated with children's choice of musical instrument. Though some have suggested that these gender stereotypes may be trending toward change, other studies have indicated that gender stereotypes are long-standing and still very much at issue. This descriptive study of middle school…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Musical Instruments, Sex Stereotypes, Middle School Students
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Nasir, Na'ilah Suad; McKinney de Royston, Maxine; O'Connor, Kathleen; Wischnia, Sarah – Urban Education, 2017
Despite post-racial rhetoric, stereotypes remain salient for American youth. We surveyed 150 elementary and middle schoolers in Northern California and conducted case studies of 12 students. Findings showed that (a) students hold school-related stereotypes that get stronger in middle school, (b) African American and Latino students experience…
Descriptors: Ethnic Stereotypes, Racial Bias, Knowledge Level, Beliefs
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Tempel, Tobias; Neumann, Roland – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2014
We investigated the combined effects of stereotype threat and trait test anxiety on mathematics test performance. Stereotype threat and test anxiety interacted with each other in affecting performance. Trait test anxiety predicted performance only in a diagnostic condition that prevented stereotype threat by stereotype denial. A state measure of…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Test Anxiety, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Mackey, Margaret – Children's Literature in Education, 2013
This article draws on a careful study of series fiction read in the 1950s to explore how stereotypes feature in the development of a young reader's competence in learning to process stories in print. Five categories of stereotype are teased out: "embodied stereotypes," understood through physical experience; "working stereotypes," discerned…
Descriptors: Fiction, Stereotypes, Beginning Reading, Childrens Literature
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Rodríguez, Bryan A. – Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 2014
The present study examines whether the recognition of stereotypes undermines the academic performance of Hispanic students, a phenomenon known as "stereotype threat." With regard to race, stereotype threat has been examined predominately between African American and White students, yet limited research has investigated how Hispanic…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Standardized Tests, Expectation, Academic Achievement
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Wen, Fangfang; Zuo, Bin; Wu, Yang; Dong, Xuanhao; Wang, Wei – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2016
Two experiments examined the effects of competition and cooperation contexts, as well as regulatory fit, on reducing the negative influence of stereotype threat. Experiment 1 demonstrated that in high stereotype threat conditions, participants in the cooperation context scored significantly higher on a math test than those in the competition…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Competition, Prevention, Control Groups
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Harris, Jessica C. – Journal of College Student Development, 2017
Researchers have explored how multiracial women students encounter different racialized experiences when compared to their monoracial peers and multiracial men on campus, suggesting that their experiences with racial stereotypes may also diverge from both of these populations. Guided by critical race theory, in this study I explored 10 multiracial…
Descriptors: Multiracial Persons, Females, College Students, Stereotypes
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Lineweaver, Tara T.; Roy, Ashley; Horth, Madison – Educational Gerontology, 2017
Past research has investigated the development of stereotypes surrounding race and gender in children; however, there is a lack of literature examining the development of children's stereotypes of older adults. In this study, 163 children from four grades: first (n = 44), fourth (n = 49), fifth (n = 35), and eighth (n = 35) completed a new…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Older Adults, Cognitive Development, Elementary School Students
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