ERIC Number: ED057545
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Motivation and Achievement of Children with Learning and Behavior Problems as a Function of Locus of Control. Monograph No. 3.
Hisama, Toshiaki; Hotchkiss, James
The study investigated achievement motivation of children with learning and behavior problems and examined effects of various types of verbal instruction on performance tasks and the resulting relationships of these verbal instructions to achievement motivation. The subjects were 48 third and fourth grade children diagnosed as having learning and/or behavior problems. Testing instruments were Bialer-Cromwell's Children's Locus-of-Control Scale (LCS), Coding Test and Digit-Symbol Test taken from Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, and NIM (Marienbad) game. Based on their LCS scores, the 48 Ss were divided into high and low achievement motivation groups. Each group was then divided into three experimental groups. For the Coding Test, the NIM, and the Digit-Symbol Test, each of the three groups received different verbal instructions and was told that their results were above average, or below average. Results indicated that level of achievement motivation in both experimental and contrast groups was the same as measured by the LCS, that experimental Ss in the high achievement motivation group performed better than Ss in the low achievement motivation group, and that within the low achievement motivation group, performance was reinforced by previously announced results. (CB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Educational Personnel Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene.