NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
ERIC Number: ED575389
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 93
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3696-7061-5
The Effects of "Second Step" and Inclusion on Special Education Students' Social Skills
Machado, Andrea Kathleen
ProQuest LLC, Ed.S. Dissertation, California State University, Fresno
Many students lack social skills that hinder their success in school; students in special education are even more at risk. Social-emotional curricula have been developed to help build these social skills school-wide. Most research on the effects of social-emotional curricula has been conducted on general education students. The first purpose of this study was to measure the effects a social emotional curriculum has on students with disabilities. "Second Step" was implemented on a weekly basis for 10 weeks in classrooms. The effectiveness of the "Second Step" program was evaluated by having special education students (N = 18) and teachers fill out a "Skills Survey" as a pre-test/post-test measure. Paired samples t-tests indicated insignificant gains according to teachers and students. Social Interactions Data observations served as an additional social skills measure. Non-overlapping data points indicated that the intervention did not increase social initiations (40%) and somewhat increased social responses (70%). The second purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between time in the least restrictive environment (LRE) and special education students' social skills. There was a negative correlation between percentage of time included in general education and teacher reported growth and a positive correlation between inclusion percentage and student reported growth. The study suggests that research on social-emotional curricula, the effects curricula have on students in special education, and better measurement tools should continue to be conducted. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A