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Nicholas Smith; Darby Vickers – Theory and Research in Education, 2024
Artificial intelligence technologies have become a ubiquitous part of human life. This prompts us to ask, "how should we live well with artificial intelligence?" Currently, the most prominent candidate answers to this question are principlist. According to these approaches, if you teach people some finite set of principles or convince…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Moral Values, Ethics, Philosophy
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Hyemin Han; Marja Graham – Theory and Research in Education, 2024
The present study aimed to examine how to improve the effectiveness of moral exemplar-applied interventions based on the pillars of the self-determination theory framework, autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Past research has mainly focused on the relatedness and attainability of moral exemplars for predicting motivation outcomes. The data for…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Self Determination, Intervention, Reliability
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David B. Monaghan – Theory and Research in Education, 2024
Empirical educational research nearly universally tacitly assumes that people attend college only in order to improve their likely earnings. Thus, it ignores the immense cultural importance ascribed to education (and particularly higher education) in modern culture, or at least proceeds as if this cultural valorization is irrelevant to…
Descriptors: Community College Students, Institutional Environment, Student Experience, Educational Background
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Toby Napoletano – Theory and Research in Education, 2024
There are two ways, broadly speaking, that one might conceive of meritocratic education. On a standard, 'narrow' conception, a meritocratic approach to education is one which distributes certain educational goods and opportunities according to merit. On a second, 'broader' conception, however, meritocratic education is an educational system suited…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Qualifications, Justice, Equal Education
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Gonzalo Jover; Vicent Gozálvez – Theory and Research in Education, 2024
This article investigates the theoretical link between two approaches to civic character education: Service Learning and the Just Community, given that the two share a strong democratic ethical component. Based on historical research and bibliographical review, we show that John Dewey's pragmatism forms a theoretical foundation of both approaches.…
Descriptors: Service Learning, Values Education, Ethical Instruction, Moral Development
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Thompson, Winston C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Building on the careful racial analyses of Charles W. Mills, this article uses the example case of Black ethnics to illustrate the general plausibility of ethnic identity as a useful political analytic category, suggesting that the absence of ethnic identity in racial analyses mutes important aspects of the lived experiences of racialized persons…
Descriptors: African Americans, Racial Identification, Ethnicity, Race
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Nikolaidis, A. C. – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
While white ignorance is primarily produced and reproduced through social-structural processes, philosophy of education scholarship has focused on agent-centered educational solutions. This article argues that agent-centered solutions are ineffective and that education for disrupting white ignorance must be structure-centered. Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Racism, Racial Attitudes, Whites, Epistemology
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Bain, Zara – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Recent philosophical secondary literature on white ignorance -- a concept most famously developed by the late philosopher Charles W. Mills -- suggests that white ignorance is, one way or another, a non-structural phenomenon. I analyse two such readings, the agential view and the cognitivist view. I argue that they misinterpret Mills' work by…
Descriptors: Racism, Critical Race Theory, Whites, Racial Attitudes
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Fraser-Burgess, Sheron – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Social ontology examines the nature and mechanisms in human society of concepts that pertain to various kinds of social collectivities. A pioneer in the development of this philosophical field, Mills theorised a social metaphysics of "racial constructivism" for modern philosophy in order to explain the enduring orthodoxies of its…
Descriptors: Whites, Racial Attitudes, Racism, Ideology
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Brighouse, Harry; Mullane, Kailey – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Christopher Martin argues that an interest in strong autonomy supports a right to debt-free higher education and that making tuition free is the best way of enacting that right. We argue that making higher education tuition free would, in the absence of other countervailing measure, maldistribute strong autonomy, even in ideal conditions. We also…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Access to Education, Higher Education, Educational Finance
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Cook, Philip – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
For Martin, the right to free higher education may be claimed only by those ready and willing pursue autonomy supporting higher education. The unready and unwilling, among whom may be counted carers, disabled, and devout, are excluded. This is unjust. I argue that this injustice follows from a tension between three elements of Martin's argument:…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Access to Education, Higher Education, Personal Autonomy
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Miragaya-Casillas, Cristina; Aguayo-Estremera, Raimundo; Ruiz-Villaverde, Alberto – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Considerable academic debate exists as to whether students with a background in economics exhibit distinct behavioural patterns that set them apart from students in other academic disciplines. Primarily, the debate concerns whether students who fit the stereotype of the economist choose to study economics (the self-selection hypothesis) or whether…
Descriptors: College Students, Economics Education, Beliefs, Ideology
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Sachs-Cobbe, Benjamin – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Since the 1990s, education for the virtues of citizenship has become widespread in the United States and United Kingdom. It is intended to inculcate virtues such as courtesy, respect and truthfulness in school children. This essay defends education for the virtues of citizenship against two criticisms. According to the first, which might be called…
Descriptors: Civics, Citizenship Education, Political Attitudes, Moral Development
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Daniels, Stephen; Enslin, Penny – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
Of all possible future directions for analytic philosophy of education, few are as overdue as thoroughly confronting the legacy of colonialism and the postcolonial moment. Rightly credited with establishing the credibility and standing of philosophy of education, by 1980, analytic philosophy of education was the dominant though not unchallenged…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Futures (of Society)
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Leiviskä, Anniina – Theory and Research in Education, 2023
This article examines the challenges that an epistemic account of deliberative democracy, according to which democratic deliberation has 'truth-tracking' capacities, encounters in contemporary polarized societies, and then discusses how these challenges could be addressed through democratic education. The focus of the article is especially on two…
Descriptors: Democracy, Citizenship Education, Educational Quality, Epistemology
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