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Elbaum, Batya; Celimli-Aksoy, Seniz – Infants and Young Children, 2022
In the United States, early intervention (EI) programs under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act serve thousands of infants and toddlers with or at risk for developmental delays. Despite this, few studies have investigated the developmental progress and outcomes of children served, especially in relation to the heterogeneity…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Students with Disabilities, Equal Education
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Edwards, Nicole Megan; Kaiser, Eileen; Stapel-Wax, Jennifer L. – Infants and Young Children, 2021
In the United States, there is a widespread concern with not referring more infants and toddlers with a risk of or identified autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to Early Intervention (EI) under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, 2004). Despite early signs and screening initiatives, most children with ASD are not referred…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Equal Education, Educational Legislation, Infants
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Barger, Brian; Squires, Jane; Greer, Maureen; Noyes-Grosser, Donna; Martin Eile, Julia; Rice, Catherine; Shaw, Evelyn; Surprenant, Kala Shah; Twombly, Elizabeth; London, Sarah; Zubler, Jennifer; Wolf, Rebecca B. – Infants and Young Children, 2019
An infant or toddler can begin the process of receiving Part C early intervention services by having a diagnosed condition with a high probability of developmental delay (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, 2004). How states define those diagnosed conditions that begin the initiation process varies widely. Lists of diagnosed…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, Students with Disabilities
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Noyes-Grosser, Donna M.; Elbaum, Batya; Wu, Yan; Siegenthaler, Kirsten M.; Cavalari, Rachel S.; Gillis, Jennifer M.; Romanczyk, Raymond G. – Infants and Young Children, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be diagnosed as early as 18 months of age. State Early Intervention (EI) programs under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) are serving increasing numbers of children with ASD; however, little is known about outcomes of these services. This study evaluated the impact of EI for…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Early Intervention
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Elbaum, Batya; Celimli-Aksoy, Seniz; Marshall, Jennifer T.; Berkovits, Michelle D. – Infants and Young Children, 2017
In recent years, many states have narrowed their eligibility criteria for participation in the IDEA Part C early intervention (EI) program for infants and toddlers with or at risk for developmental delays. However, there is scant research on the effects of such a policy change on the population of children served or on the timing of children's…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Eligibility, Criteria, Enrollment
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Bruns, Deborah A.; LaRocco, Diana J.; Sharp, Olga L.; Sopko, Kim Moherek – Infants and Young Children, 2017
In 2015, the Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children released a position statement on leadership in early intervention and early childhood special education (EI/ECSE). Division for Early Childhood emphasized the importance of developing and supporting high-quality leadership within and across all levels of EI/ECSE…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Special Education, National Surveys
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Edwards, Nicole Megan; Gallagher, Peggy A. – Infants and Young Children, 2016
The success of Early Intervention (EI) programs (Part C, IDEA [Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004]) for infants and toddlers with special needs (birth to 36 months) is largely influenced by the quality of direct service providers. Little is known, however, about characteristics of providers or involvement in training…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Infants, Toddlers, Disabilities
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Dicker, Sheryl J. D. – Infants and Young Children, 2013
In the past decade, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have received enormous media attention because of the growing prevalence of ASD. In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevalence estimated that 1 in 88 children has ASD as compared with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 2,000 children 40 years ago. This growing prevalence has bred enormous…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence, Immunization Programs
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Childress, Dana C.; Raver, Sharon A.; Michalek, Anne M. P.; Wilson, Corinne L. – Infants and Young Children, 2013
All eligible infants and toddlers who receive early intervention services under Part C of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are entitled to service coordination. To examine the effectiveness of one state's service coordination training and its impact on knowledge and skill development, a pretest--posttest design with follow-up survey was…
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Infants, Toddlers, Early Intervention
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Johnson, Jean L.; Brown, Susan; Chang, Chuan; Nelson, Dawna; Mrazek, Susan – Infants and Young Children, 2011
To identify the per-child cost of providing Part C services, the authors analyzed extensive statewide expenditure data in Hawai'i to determine the monthly and annual costs of providing early intervention services to infants and toddlers and their families. Identified were the costs of serving children with various numbers and percentages of delay,…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Infants, Costs, Federal Legislation
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Scarborough, Anita A.; Hebbeler, Kathleen M.; Spiker, Donna; Simeonsson, Rune J. – Infants and Young Children, 2011
Survival analysis was used to document the developmental achievements of 2298 kindergarten children who participated in the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study, a study that followed children from entry to Part C early intervention (EI) through kindergarten. Survival functions were produced depicting the percentage of children at…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Kindergarten, Young Children, Child Development
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Applequist, Karen L.; McLellan, Mary J.; McGrath, Eileen Romer – Infants and Young Children, 2010
States and territories participating in Part C services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) are required to design and implement a comprehensive system of personnel development. In this article, an apprenticeship model used in one state will be described. The range of factors influencing how this model was implemented and…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disabilities, Apprenticeships, Faculty Development
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Coakley, Tom – Infants and Young Children, 2010
The dramatic increase in the identification of young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) beginning in the 1980s presented many challenges to State Education Agencies responsible for Special Education for school aged children and State Part C Lead Agencies responsible for Early Intervention services for infants and toddlers under the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Autism, Guides, Young Children
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Bruder, Mary Beth; Mogro-Wilson, Cristina; Stayton, Vicki D.; Dietrich, Sylvia L. – Infants and Young Children, 2009
Early intervention and preschool special education coordinators in the 50 states and territories were interviewed about the current status of professional development in-service systems in their state. A definition consisting of 8 components of an in-service professional development system was used to analyze the state systems. Twenty Part C early…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Faculty Development, Special Education, Inservice Teacher Education
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Hebbeler, Kathleen; Levin, Jesse; Perez, Maria; Lam, Irene; Chambers, Jay G. – Infants and Young Children, 2009
What does it cost to provide early intervention services? Data collected as part of the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study were used to determine expenditures for infants, toddlers, and their families receiving services through Part C programs. The study found that the national average total expenditure for early intervention services…
Descriptors: Expenditures, Early Intervention, Infants, Toddlers