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Lee, Jeong-Won; Yoon, Kyeong-Ok – English Teaching, 2019
The present study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of bottom-up (BU) and top-down (TD) approaches on EFL learners' vocabulary learning, the difference in the effects of the two approaches depending upon their level of vocabulary proficiency, and their perception of the approaches. For this study, 122 college students were divided into two…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Teaching Methods, Learning Strategies, English (Second Language)