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Atcha, Haroon – Association for Institutional Research, 2022
Institutional researchers are often tasked with assessing why college-wide initiatives succeed or fail. This can be a difficult task: researchers need to discriminate between multiple feasible explanations, work with limited data, and produce compelling narratives. Process tracing is a qualitative methodology that enables researchers to make valid…
Descriptors: Researchers, Higher Education, Educational Research, Case Studies
Sturgis, Paul W.; Marchand, Leslie; Miller, M. David; Xu, Wei; Castiglioni, Analia – Association for Institutional Research, 2022
This article introduces generalizability theory (G-theory) to institutional research and assessment practitioners, and explains how it can be utilized to evaluate the reliability of assessment procedures in order to improve student learning outcomes. The fundamental concepts associated with G-theory are briefly discussed, followed by a discussion…
Descriptors: Generalizability Theory, Institutional Research, Reliability, Computer Software
Bowman, R. Alan – Association for Institutional Research, 2021
The School of Management (SOM) at Union Graduate College (UGC) used student trajectories to forecast both individual course and total enrollments within and across various student categories. (The term "trajectory" refers to the enrollment pattern of the average student in a particular category.) The trajectories and the resultant…
Descriptors: Enrollment Projections, Business Schools, Graduate Students, Enrollment Management
Luna, Andrew L.; Kendrick, Sherry; Johnson, Melissa – Association for Institutional Research, 2021
Although many institutions and government agencies count degrees as the sole measure of determining departmental or program viability, this method fails to consider other factors such as how many students who are within programs are present to replace students who graduated from those programs or how many credit hours were generated in the area.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Departments, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation
Bryant, Matt – Association for Institutional Research, 2021
Survey methodology is the dominant approach among universities in the United States for reporting employment outcomes for recent graduates. However, past studies have shown that survey methodology may yield upwardly biased results, which can result in overreporting of employment rates and salary outcomes. This case study describes the development…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Data Use, Labor Force, Institutional Research
Romano, Richard M.; D'Amico, Mark M. – Association for Institutional Research, 2021
A commonly used metric for measuring college costs, drawn from data in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), is expenditure per full-time equivalent (FTE) student. This article discusses an error in this per FTE calculation when using IPEDS data, especially with regard to community colleges. The problem is that expenditures…
Descriptors: Noncredit Courses, Enrollment, Community Colleges, Institutional Characteristics
Cornett, Jeffrey L. – Association for Institutional Research, 2020
Single measures of college performance fail to reflect the mix and diversity of students served. First-time students vary widely in terms of their readiness to succeed in college. Higher education environments (ecosystems) also vary widely and afford students differing admission and transfer opportunities. These factors confound college completion…
Descriptors: Graduation Rate, College Graduates, Student Diversity, College Readiness
Bloomfield, Amber; Rose, Bess A.; Preston, Alison M.; Henneberger, Angela K. – Association for Institutional Research, 2020
Brain drain--the movement of high school and college graduates out of state for employment--is a concern for state policymakers. This study focuses on brain drain of students who graduate from high school in Maryland. Using data from the Maryland Longitudinal Data System and applying propensity score matching to control for differences between the…
Descriptors: Brain Drain, Migration Patterns, Relocation, Student Mobility
Chan, Monnica; Kwon, Jihye; Nguyen, David; Saunders, Katherine M.; Shah, Nilkamal; Smith, Katie N. – Association for Institutional Research, 2020
Students are increasingly likely to use student loans to finance their postsecondary education. This article examines how students' use of federal loans changed from 2000 to 2016 by students' family income group and parental education level. We use logistic regression analysis and nationally representative data from the National Postsecondary…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Family Income, Parent Background
Llorance, Leezet – Association for Institutional Research, 2020
The purpose of this research study was to explore the process, implementation, and impact of a business intelligence (BI) strategic system at Lone Star College--Tomball Campus (LSC-T), Texas, to determine the effectiveness of BI on community college decision-making. This research study (a) explored the process of implementing a new BI strategic…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Decision Making, Management Information Systems, Program Implementation
Pastor, Dena A.; Foelber, Kelly J.; Jacovidis, Jessica N.; Fulcher, Keston H.; Sauder, Derek C.; Love, Paula D. – Association for Institutional Research, 2019
James Madison University has used dedicated Assessment Days for more than 30 years to collect longitudinal data on student learning outcomes. Our model ensures all incoming students are tested twice: once before beginning classes and again after accumulating 45-70 credit hours. Although each student completes only four instruments during a 2-hour…
Descriptors: College Outcomes Assessment, Student Evaluation, Universities, College Students
Anderson, Rebekah; Rip, Nichole – Association for Institutional Research, 2019
The main purpose of institutional research (IR) is to provide objective, systematic, and thorough data that support an institution's enrollment goals, planning, policy formation, and decision making. Traditionally, institutions gathered data on their activities, students and staff, programs, management, and operations. University staff then…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Data Use, Decision Making, Private Colleges
Umbricht, Mark; Stange, Kevin – Association for Institutional Research, 2019
Every term, institutions of higher education must make decisions about the class size for each class they offer, which can have implications for student outcomes, satisfaction, and cost. These decisions must be made within the current higher education landscape of tightening budgets and calls for increased productivity. Beyond institution decision…
Descriptors: Class Size, Higher Education, Student Experience, College Students
Gandy, Rex; Crosby, Lynne; Luna, Andrew; Kasper, Daniel; Kendrick, Sherry – Association for Institutional Research, 2019
While Markov chains are widely used in business and industry, they are used within higher education only sporadically. Furthermore, when used to predict enrollment progression, most of these models use student level as the classification variable. This study uses grouped earned student credit hours to track the movement of students from one…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Enrollment Projections, Higher Education, College Credits
Association for Institutional Research, 2018
Higher education institutions in the United States have collected and analyzed data for decades. From mandatory reporting for state and federal compliance to ad hoc reporting for internal and external stakeholders, there are myriad business purposes for which administrators, staff, and faculty routinely gather data. As more colleges and…
Descriptors: Colleges, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Strategic Planning
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