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Stefanek, Elisabeth; Strohmeier, Dagmar; Yanagida, Takuya – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The goals of this study were (1) to identify groups of bullies and victims, (2) to investigate level differences in depression, peer relationships, and academic variables, and (3) to examine how peer relationships and academic variables were associated with depression in these groups. The sample comprised 1,451 students (48.6% girls) aged 10-15…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Victims, Bullying, Peer Relationship
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Pieschl, Stephanie; Porsch, Torsten – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
Theoretically, there are strong arguments for a relationship between cyberbullying and trust. On the one hand, trust is built on experiences; thus, experiences of malevolence such as cyberbullying might contribute to low trust. On the other hand, high trust may lead to risky online behavior such as self-disclosures that could increase the risk of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Case Studies
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Pieschl, Stephanie; Kourteva, Penka; Stauf, Leonie – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
Nowadays cyberbullying prevention programs such as Surf-Fair can significantly reduce cyberbullying but little is known about necessary and sufficient conditions of their effectiveness. Case Study 1 followed three successive waves of implementation of Surf-Fair in one German highest-track secondary school in a pre-post design. Results show no…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Prevention
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Solomontos-Kountouri, Olga; Tsagkaridis, Konstantinos; Gradinger, Petra; Strohmeier, Dagmar – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The present paper (1) examined variables, which could predict traditional bullying, cyberbullying, traditional victimization and cybervictimization and (2) looked at persons to examine whether academic, socio-emotional and demographic characteristics differed between traditional, cyber and mixed bullies, victims and bully-victims. A sample of…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Bullying, Victims, Secondary School Students
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Wachs, Sebastian; Wright, Michelle F.; Wolf, Karsten D. – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The present study investigates frequency rates of sexting, and examines the associations of sexting with self-control and self-esteem as psychological correlates. The study sample included 1,818 adolescents between 12 and 17 years (M[subscript age] = 14.3, SD = 1.4) from Germany, the Netherlands, and Thailand. Across the three countries, the…
Descriptors: Correlation, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Self Control
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Dogan, Aysun; Keser, Eda; Sen, Zeynep; Yanagida, Takuya; Gradinger, Petra; Strohmeier, Dagmar – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The ViSC program is the first evidence based anti-bullying program implemented in Turkey. A quasi-experimental longitudinal control group design comprising six schools and 26 classes was realized to examine the program effectiveness regarding different forms of perpetration and victimization. The effectiveness of two dosages of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Prevention, Interpersonal Competence
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Spring, Toni; Saltzstein, Herbert D. – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
Decisional bias (false alarm rate) when judging the guilt/innocence of a suspect is offered as an implicit measure of moral judgment. Combining two data sets, 215 participants, ages 10-12, 13-15, and 16-18 watched the visually identical film involving a person setting a fire, framed either as (1) intentional but not resulting in a fire (BI-NF),…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Bias, Moral Values, Preadolescents
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Zurek, Peter Paul; Scheithauer, Herbert – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
Empathy entails basic cognitive processes such as the recognition of facial expressions and basic emotional processes such as emotional contagion, but also higher-order cognitive processes such as abstract reasoning about the other person's emotional states and higher-order emotional processes such as empathic concern. Thus, empathy must be…
Descriptors: Empathy, Definitions, Theory of Mind, Emotional Development
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Gestsdottir, Steinunn; Geldhof, G. John; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M. – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The "5 Cs of PYD Model" is an influential theory involving the role of Intentional Self-Regulation (ISR) in positive youth development (PYD). The model, which was developed with U.S. populations, has recently been used in other cultural contexts and, as such, the measurement invariance of the ISR-PYD model across cultural contexts must…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Self Control, Models, Foreign Countries
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Smith, Peter K.; Lopez-Castro, Leticia – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
Until recently, there were four sources of large-scale self-report survey data on victim rates, cross-nationally: EU Kids Online, Global School Health Survey, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, and Health Behaviour of School-aged Children. Smith, Robinson, and Marchi (2016) examined the internal validity and external validity…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Data, Foreign Countries
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Mazzone, Angela; Camodeca, Marina; Cardone, Daniela; Merla, Arcangelo – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2017
The present study investigated the associations between bullying perpetration and victimization and physiological reactivity to social exclusion. The participants were 28 early adolescents (17 boys and 11 girls; M[subscript age] = 11.55; SD = 1.34). Bullying perpetration and victimization were assessed by peer nominations. To elicit social…
Descriptors: Bullying, Early Adolescents, Victims, Physiology
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Witting, Andrea; Ruiz, Nina; Ahnert, Lieselotte – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2016
Three boys (an extremely preterm, a moderate preterm twin and a full-term toddler; all 12 to 15 months old) were selected from a large sample to investigate mechanisms of parent-child attachments, specifically of babies born preterm. Attachments were observed at home with the Attachment-Q-Sort (AQS) as well as in the lab with the Strange Situation…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Case Studies, Premature Infants
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Yanagida, Takuya; Gradinger, Petra; Strohmeier, Dagmar; Solomontos-Kountouri, Olga; Trip, Simona; Bora, Carmen – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2016
Many large-scale cross-national studies rely on a single-item measurement when comparing prevalence rates of traditional bullying, traditional victimization, cyberbullying, and cyber-victimization between countries. However, the reliability and validity of single-item measurement approaches are highly problematic and might be biased. Data from…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims of Crime, Computer Mediated Communication, Comparative Analysis
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Smith, Peter K.; Robinson, Susanne; Marchi, Barbara – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2016
There are four sources of large-scale self-report survey data on victim rates, cross-nationally. These are EU Kids Online, Global School Health Survey, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, and Health Behaviour of School-aged Children. There are some differences in methodology between these surveys, but all use pupil self-report…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Buchheim, Anna – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2016
In this commentary, Buchheim states that she recognizes that infant-parent relationship has been shown to be of particular significance to preterm infants' socioemotional development, and that preterm children have been reported to be at higher risk of developing attachment insecurity and disorganized attachment. In the feature paper on attachment…
Descriptors: Infants, Premature Infants, Fathers, Parent Child Relationship
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