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Sandilos, Lia E.; Goble, Priscilla; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Pianta, Robert C. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The present study examines the extent to which participation in a 14-week professional development course designed to improve teacher-child interactions in the classroom moderated the relation between teacher-reported job stress and gains in observed teacher-child interaction quality from the beginning to the end of the intervention. Participants…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Program Effectiveness
Stichter, Janine P; Malugen, Emily; Herzog, Melissa; O'Donnell, Rose; Kilgus, S; Schoemann, Alexander M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness
Sutherland, Kevin S.; Conroy, Maureen A.; Algina, James; Ladwig, Crystal; Jesse, Gabriel; Gyure, Maria – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has consistently linked early problem behavior with later adjustment problems, including antisocial behavior, learning problems and risk for the development of emotional/behavioral disorders (EBDs). Researchers have focused upon developing effective intervention programs for young children who arrive in preschool exhibiting chronic…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction
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Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; Hardcastle, Joseph; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
We compared students' performance on a paper-based test (PBT) and three computer-based tests (CBTs). The three computer-based tests used different test navigation and answer selection features, allowing us to examine how these features affect student performance. The study sample consisted of 9,698 fourth through twelfth grade students from across…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Scores
Roberts, Theresa A; Vadasy, Patricia F; Sanders, Elizabeth A – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study investigated: 1) the influence of alphabet instructional content (letter names, letter sounds, or both) on alphabet learning and engagement of English only and dual language learner (DLL) children, and 2) the relation between children's initial status and growth in three underlying cognitive learning processes (paired-associate,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Alphabets, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Guerrero, Tricia A.; Kent, Kevin M.; Allen, Laura K.; McNamara, Danielle S.; Chao, Szu-Fu; Steinberg, Jonathan; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sabatini, John – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background knowledge is a strong predictor of reading comprehension; yet little is known about how different types of background knowledge affect comprehension. The study investigated the impacts of both domain and topic-specific background knowledge on students' ability to comprehend and learn from science texts. High school students (n = 3650)…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, High School Students, Pretests Posttests
Liu, Ran; Stamper, John; Davenport, Jodi – Grantee Submission, 2018
Temporal analyses are critical to understanding learning processes, yet understudied in education research. Data from different sources are often collected at different grain sizes, which are difficult to integrate. Making sense of data at many levels of analysis, including the most detailed levels, is highly time-consuming. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Learning, Data Analysis, Student Development
Early, Diane M.; Sideris, John; Neitzel, Jennifer; LaForett, Doré R.; Nehler, Chelsea G. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Third Edition (ECERS-3) is the latest version of one of the most widely used observational tools for assessing the quality of classrooms serving preschool-aged children. This study was the first assessment of its factor structure and validity, an important step given its widespread use. An ECERS-3…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Factor Structure
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McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Likens, Aaron D.; Kopp, Kristopher K.; Perret, Cecile A.; Watanabe, Micah; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The current study explored relations between non-cognitive traits (Grit, Learning Orientation, Performance Orientation), reading skill, and performance across three experiments conducted in the context of two intelligent tutoring systems, iSTART and Writing Pal. Results showed that learning outcomes (comprehension score, holistic essay score) were…
Descriptors: Persistence, Individual Characteristics, Reading Skills, Performance
Davenport, Jodi L.; Rafferty, Anna N.; Yaron, David J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
How can we help students develop an understanding of chemistry that integrates conceptual knowledge with the experimental and computational procedures needed to apply chemistry in authentic contexts? The current work describes ChemVLab +, a set of online chemistry activities that were developed using promising design principles from chemistry…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Science Laboratories, Educational Technology
Levitan, Joseph; Schussler, Deborah L.; Mahfouz, Julia; Frank, Jennifer L.; Kohler, Kimberly M.; Broderick, Patricia C.; Mitra, Joy; Oh, Yoonkyung; Berrena, Elaine; Greenberg, Mark T. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Between 2014 and 2017, an interdisciplinary group of researchers examined whether a high school health class that incorporated mindfulness techniques lowered students' stress and improved their wellbeing. We received a grant from the Institute of Educational Sciences from the United States Department of Education to (1) train high school health…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Health Education, Well Being, Stress Variables
Hautala, Jarkko; Baker, Doris Luft; Keurulainen, Aleksi; Ronimus, Miia; Richardson, Ulla; Cole, Ronald – Grantee Submission, 2018
The purpose of this pilot study with a within-subject design was to gain a deeper understanding about the promise and restrictions of a virtual tutoring system designed to teach science to first grade students in Finland. Participants were 61 students who received six tutoring science sessions of approximately 20 min each. Sessions consisted of a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Tutoring
Burte, Heather; Gardony, Aaron L.; Hutton, Allyson; Taylor, Holly A. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Spatial thinking skills positively relate to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) outcomes, but spatial training is largely absent in elementary school. Elementary school is a time when children develop foundational cognitive skills that will support STEM learning throughout their education. Spatial thinking should be considered a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, STEM Education
Puranik, Cynthia S.; Patchan, Melissa M.; Sears, Mary M.; McMaster, Kristen L. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Curriculum-based measures (CBMs) are necessary for educators to quickly assess student skill levels and monitor progress. This study examined the use of the alphabet writing fluency task, a CBM of writing, to assess handwriting fluency--that is, how well children access, retrieve, and write letter forms automatically. In the current study, the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Alphabets, Writing Skills, Time on Task
Bottge, Brian A.; Cohen, Allan S.; Choi, Hye-Jeong – Grantee Submission, 2017
In this article, we describe results of a reanalysis of two randomized studies that tested the effects of enhanced anchored instruction (EAI) on the fractions computation performance of students in special education resource rooms and inclusive mathematics classrooms. Latent class analysis and latent transition analysis classified students…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Resource Room Programs, Inclusion
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