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Dore, Rebecca A.; Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Brezack, Natalie; Valladares, Tara L.; Paller, Alexis; Vu, Lien; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Grantee Submission, 2018
One potential advantage of e-books is that unlike traditional books, preschoolers can read independent of an adult by using the audio narration feature. However, little research has investigated whether children comprehend a story's content after using an e-book with audio narration. The current study compares preschoolers' comprehension of an…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Reading Aloud to Others, Parent Child Relationship, Electronic Publishing
May, Emily M.; Azar, Sandra T.; Matthews, Stephen A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Neighborhoods, At Risk Students, School Readiness
Kelley, Elizabeth; Leary, Emily; Goldstein, Howard – Grantee Submission, 2018
Purpose: To effectively implement a response to intervention approach, there is a need for timely and specific information about student learning in response to treatment to ensure that treatment decisions are appropriate. This exploratory study examined responsivity to a supplemental, Tier 2 vocabulary intervention delivered to preschool children…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Supplementary Education, Vocabulary Development, Outcomes of Treatment
Sutherland, Kevin S.; Conroy, Maureen A.; Algina, James; Ladwig, Crystal; Jesse, Gabriel; Gyure, Maria – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has consistently linked early problem behavior with later adjustment problems, including antisocial behavior, learning problems and risk for the development of emotional/behavioral disorders (EBDs). Researchers have focused upon developing effective intervention programs for young children who arrive in preschool exhibiting chronic…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction
Roberts, Theresa A; Vadasy, Patricia F; Sanders, Elizabeth A – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study investigated: 1) the influence of alphabet instructional content (letter names, letter sounds, or both) on alphabet learning and engagement of English only and dual language learner (DLL) children, and 2) the relation between children's initial status and growth in three underlying cognitive learning processes (paired-associate,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Alphabets, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
Bustamante, Andres S.; White, Lisa J.; Greenfield, Daryl B. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Recent national focus on early childhood science education highlights the need for research on early science, particularly with children from low-income families, as science is the lowest performing school readiness domain in that population. Given this achievement gap, the Office of Head Start has emphasized the development of children's…
Descriptors: Science Education, Federal Programs, Low Income Students, Young Children
Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Zippert, Erica L.; Boice, Katherine L. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Because math knowledge begins to develop at a young age to varying degrees, it is important to identify foundational cognitive and academic skills that might contribute to its development. The current study focused on two important, but often overlooked skills that recent evidence suggests are important contributors to early math development:…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Knowledge Level
Early, Diane M.; Sideris, John; Neitzel, Jennifer; LaForett, Doré R.; Nehler, Chelsea G. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Third Edition (ECERS-3) is the latest version of one of the most widely used observational tools for assessing the quality of classrooms serving preschool-aged children. This study was the first assessment of its factor structure and validity, an important step given its widespread use. An ECERS-3…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Factor Structure
Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Champagne, Carly R.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Circle time is a near universally used preschool activity; however, little research has explored its nature, content, and quality. This study examined activity types, teacher and child talk, child engagement, and classroom quality in a sample of public preschool classrooms in an urban, high-poverty school district. Results demonstrated that…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Classroom Techniques, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness
Ansari, Arya; Purtell, Kelly M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using data from the Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 Cohort (n = 1,073), this study considered the implications of mixed-age education for young children's academic achievement when they experienced continuity and/or changes in classroom age composition across two years in Head Start (at age 3 and age 4). Results from these analyses…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mixed Age Grouping, Preschool Education, Preschool Children
Ansari, Arya; Purtell, Kelly M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Although scientific research has clearly shown that preschool programs prepare children for kindergarten, increasing attention has been drawn to whether these early investments in children's education have long-term impacts. Here, we argue that long-term impacts of preschool cannot be viewed in isolation from children's subsequent experiences and,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, School Readiness, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: School absenteeism has been recognized as a growing issue in the United States, especially during the early elementary school years when it is most pervasive. Accordingly, there has been growing interest in understanding why children are absent and whether certain early educational experiences can reduce children's rates of school…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Child Care Centers
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 were used to examine the implications of preschool and full-day kindergarten enrollment for the subsequent school absences of 2,056 children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities who went to preschool were absent less frequently in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Attendance Patterns
John, Melissa-Sue; Sibuma, Bernadette; Wunnava, Susmitha; Anggoro, Florencia; Dubosarsky, Mia – Grantee Submission, 2018
This paper describes an iterative participatory curriculum design approach to developing a problem-based STEM curriculum for preschool children. The curriculum aims to teach young children problem-solving using an adapted version of the engineering design process (EDP). Despite evidence showing that a rigorous, integrated STEM curriculum promotes…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Problem Based Learning, STEM Education, Curriculum Development
Ansari, Arya – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (n = 15,070), this study used propensity scores to examine the short- and long-term academic and psychosocial benefits of preschool education for a diverse sample of middle-class children. Compared with children who attended informal care at age 4, preschool…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Benefits, Middle Class, Preschool Children
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