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Hamilton, Rashea; McCoach, D. Betsy; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Siegle, Del; Gubbins, E. Jean; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Brodersen, Annalissa V.; Mun, Rachel U. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Although the relationships between family income and student identification for gifted programming are well documented, less is known about how school and district wealth are related to student identification. To examine the effects of institutional and individual poverty on student identification, we conducted a series of three-level regression…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Disadvantaged Schools, Elementary School Students, Elementary Schools
Braithwaite, David W.; Tian, Jing; Siegler, Robert S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction. A recent theory of fraction arithmetic (Braithwaite, Pyke, & Siegler, in press) hypothesized that this poor learning of fraction arithmetic procedures reflects poor conceptual understanding of them. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments…
Descriptors: Fractions, Addition, Arithmetic, Mathematics
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer – Grantee Submission, 2018
This randomized controlled trial in 55 low-performing schools across Florida compared 2 early literacy interventions--1 using stand-alone materials and 1 using materials embedded in the existing core reading/language arts program. A total of 3,447 students who were below the 30th percentile in vocabulary and reading-related skills participated in…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Primary Education
Wolbers, Kimberly; Dostal, Hannah; Graham, Steve; Branum-Martin, Lee; Kilpatrick, Jennifer; Saulsburry, Rachel – Grantee Submission, 2018
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine the impact of Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction on 3rd-5th grade deaf and hard of hearing students' writing and written language compared to a business-as-usual condition (treatment group N = 41, comparison group N = 22). A total of 18 hours of instruction was provided for each of two…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
Babinski, Leslie M.; Amendum, Steven J.; Knotek, Steven E.; Sánchez, Marta; Malone, Patrick S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English Learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools. School-based teams randomly assigned to the intervention received professional development focused on cultural…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, Surveys, Second Language Learning
Lindo, Endia J.; Weiser, Beverly; Cheatham, Jennifer P.; Allor, Jill H. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study examines the effectiveness of minimally trained tutors providing a highly structured tutoring intervention for struggling readers. We screened students in Grades K-6 for participation in an after-school tutoring program. We randomly assigned those students not meeting the benchmark on a reading screening measure to either a tutoring…
Descriptors: After School Programs, After School Education, Literacy, Tutoring
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Hallinen, Nicole R.; Booth, Julie L. – Grantee Submission, 2018
5th graders (n=527) were randomly assigned to self-explain worked examples (WE) or solve problems during a yearlong study. WE students learned more algebra skills when given algebra worked examples on an end-of-year transfer measure. Comparing attempts, conceptual, and mechanical correctness by condition, results demonstrated that the condition…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Transfer of Training, Algebra, Elementary School Students
Bock, Allison M.; Cartwright, Kelly B.; McKnight, Patrick E.; Patterson, Allyson B.; Shriver, Amber G.; Leaf, Britney M.; Mohtasham, Mandana K.; Vennergrund, Katherine C.; Pasnak, Robert – Grantee Submission, 2018
Detecting a pattern within a sequence of ordered units, defined as patterning, is a cognitive ability that is important in learning mathematics and influential in learning to read. The present study was designed to examine relations between first-grade children's executive functions, patterning, and reading abilities, and to examine whether these…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Pattern Recognition, Reading Ability
Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
Grimm, Ryan P.; Solari, Emily J.; McIntyre, Nancy S.; Denton, Carolyn A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study identified distinct, homogeneous latent profiles of at-risk (n = 141) and not at-risk (n = 149) first grade readers. Separate latent profile analyses were conducted with each subgroup using measures of phonological awareness, decoding, linguistic comprehension, and oral reading fluency. This study also examined which measures best…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Grade 1, Reading Skills
Shogren, Karrie A.; Burke, Kathryn M.; Anderson, Mark H.; Antosh, A. Anthony; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; LaPlante, Terri; Shaw, Leslie A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study examined the differential impact of implementing the "Self-Determined Learning Model of Instruction" (SDLMI) alone with implementing the SDLMI combined with "Whose Future Is It?" with transition aged students with intellectual disability in a cluster randomized trial in the state of Rhode Island. The state of Rhode…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Intervention, Self Determination
Begolli, Kreshnik Nasi; Richland, Lindsey Engle; Jaeggi, Susanne M.; Lyons, Emily McLaughlin; Klostermann, Ellen C.; Matlen, Bryan J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Individual differences in executive function (EF) are well established to be related to mathematics achievement, yet the mechanisms by which this occurs are not well understood. Comparing representations (problems, solutions, concepts) is central to mathematical thinking, and relational reasoning is known to rely upon EF resources. The current…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Individual Differences, Mathematics Teachers
Duran, Chelsea A. K.; Byers, Anthony; Cameron, Claire E.; Grissmer, David – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has illuminated contributions--usually modeled separately--of both executive functioning (EF) and visuomotor integration (VMI) to mathematical development in early elementary school. This study examined simultaneous associations of EF and VMI, measured at the beginning of the school year, with concurrent and later mathematics performance…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Low Income Groups, Grade 1
Bassok, Daphna; Gibbs, Chloe R.; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study employs data from both kindergarten cohorts of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (n ~ 12,450 in 1998; n ~ 11,000 in 2010) to assess whether associations between preschool participation and children's academic and behavioral outcomes--both at school entry (Mean age = 5.6 years in both cohorts) and through third grade--have changed…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Preschool Education
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