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Duncan, Robert J.; Schmitt, Sara A.; Burke, Maura; McClelland, Megan M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Self-regulation and academic skills in kindergarten are strong predictors of later achievement. However, many children enter kindergarten without adequate levels of these skills, often because of limited participation in early childhood education. The current study examined a kindergarten readiness summer program (Bridge to Kindergarten; B2K) that…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, School Readiness, Summer Programs
Shanley, Lina; Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank – Grantee Submission, 2017
Early number skills, comprised of both informal and formal skills, are associated with later mathematics achievement. Thus, the development of foundational early number skills is an important aspect of early mathematics instruction. This study explored relations between early number skills gains and mathematics achievement for students at risk for…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, At Risk Students, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups
Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz Nelson, Evangeline; Smolkowski, Keith; Fien, Hank; Turtura, Jessica – Grantee Submission, 2017
This study used a randomized controlled trial design to investigate the ROOTS curriculum, a 50-lesson kindergarten mathematics intervention. Ten ROOTS-eligible students per classroom (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a ROOTS five-student group, a ROOTS two-student group, and a no-treatment control group. Two primary…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Kindergarten, Mathematics Instruction
Seeley, John R.; Small, Jason W.; Feil, Edward G.; Frey, Andy J.; Walker, Hill M.; Golly, Annemieke; Forness, Steven R. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Preschoolers with elevated anxiety symptoms are at high risk not only of developing more severe mental health disorders in later life but are also apt to respond more poorly to intervention if they present with comorbid disruptive behavior. Because early signs of anxiety disorders may not be recognized as such in preschool settings, many children…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Anxiety Disorders, Comorbidity, Outcomes of Treatment
Doabler, Christian T.; Clarke, Ben; Stoolmiller, Mike; Kosty, Derek B.; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott K. – Grantee Submission, 2016
A critical aspect of intervention research is investigating the active ingredients that underlie intensive interventions and their theories of change. This study explored the rate of instructional interactions within treatment groups to determine whether they offered explanatory power of an empirically validated Tier 2 kindergarten mathematics…
Descriptors: Mathematics Activities, Intervention, Kindergarten, Structural Equation Models
McIntosh, Kent; Kelm, Joanna L.; Canizal Delabra, Alondra – Grantee Submission, 2016
Research has shown principal support to be a critical variable for implementing and sustaining evidence-based practices. However, there remains little understanding of the factors that may influence a principal's personal decision to support a practice. The purpose of the current study was to examine events that influenced principals' support for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Principals, Educational Practices, Administrator Attitudes
Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Smolkowski, Keith; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K.; Kosty, Derek – Grantee Submission, 2016
This study examined the efficacy of a kindergarten mathematics intervention program, ROOTS, focused on developing whole-number understanding in the areas of counting and cardinality and operations and algebraic thinking for students at risk in mathematics. The study utilized a randomized block design with students within classrooms randomly…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Intervention, Sustainability
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Feil, Edward G.; Small, Jason W.; Seeley, John R.; Walker, Hill M.; Golly, Annemieke; Frey, Andy; Forness, Steven R. – Grantee Submission, 2016
This study evaluated the efficacy of the Preschool First Step (PFS) to Success early intervention for children at risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PFS is a targeted intervention for children 3-5 years old with externalizing behavior problems and addresses secondary prevention goals and objectives. As part of a larger…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity
Fien, Hank; Doabler, Christian T.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Kosty, Derek B.; Clarke, Ben; Baker, Scott K. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to test the promise of the NumberShire Level 1 Gaming Intervention (NS1) to accelerate math learning for first-grade students with or at risk for math difficulties. The NS1 intervention was developed through the Institute of Education Sciences, Small Business Innovation Research Program (Gause, Fien, Baker, &…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students
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MacDonald, Megan; Lipscomb, Shannon; McClelland, Megan M.; Duncan, Rob; Becker, Derek; Anderson, Kim; Kile, Molly – Grantee Submission, 2016
Purpose: The purpose was to examine specific linkages between early visual-motor integration skills and executive function, as well as between early object manipulation skills and social behaviors in the classroom over the preschool year. Method: 92 children between the ages of 3-5 years old (mean age 4.31 years) were recruited to participate in…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Visual Perception, Psychomotor Skills
Frey, Andy J.; Small, Jason W.; Feil, Edward G.; Seeley, John R.; Walker, Hill M.; Forness, Steven – Grantee Submission, 2015
Preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may not always be recognized as such during their early years, but some of their behavioral problems may nonetheless prompt a referral for behavioral intervention. Whether such an intervention brings any benefit has not been well studied. We identified a subsample of 34 preschool children at…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Autism, Behavior Problems, Communication Skills
Feil, Edward G.; Frey, Andy; Walker, Hill M.; Small, Jason W.; Seeley, John R.; Golly, Annemieke; Forness, Steven R. – Grantee Submission, 2014
The field of early intervention is currently faced with the challenge of reducing the prevalence of antisocial behavior in children. Longitudinal outcomes research indicates that increased antisocial behavior and impairments in social competence skills during the preschool years often serve as harbingers of future adjustment problems in a number…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Behavior Problems, Comparative Analysis
Rusby, Julie C.; Jones, Laura Backen; Crowley, Ryann; Smolkowski, Keith – Grantee Submission, 2013
This study investigates the reliability and validity of the Child Care Ecology Inventory (CCEI), a measure of the quality of family child care in the social domain. The CCEI focuses on research-based environmental features and caregiving practices for promoting positive social development in preschool-age children. A total of 198 family child care…
Descriptors: Child Care, Measures (Individuals), Interpersonal Competence, School Readiness