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Kim, Helyn; Duran, Chelsea A. K.; Cameron, Claire E.; Grissmer, David W. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study explored transactional associations among visuomotor integration, attention, fine motor coordination, and mathematics skills in a diverse sample of one hundred thirty-five 5-year-olds (kindergarteners) and one hundred nineteen 6-year-olds (first graders) in the United States who were followed over the course of 2 school years.…
Descriptors: Child Development, Visual Perception, Psychomotor Skills, Attention
Duran, Chelsea A. K.; Byers, Anthony; Cameron, Claire E.; Grissmer, David – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has illuminated contributions--usually modeled separately--of both executive functioning (EF) and visuomotor integration (VMI) to mathematical development in early elementary school. This study examined simultaneous associations of EF and VMI, measured at the beginning of the school year, with concurrent and later mathematics performance…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Low Income Groups, Grade 1
Bassok, Daphna; Gibbs, Chloe R.; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study employs data from both kindergarten cohorts of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (n ~ 12,450 in 1998; n ~ 11,000 in 2010) to assess whether associations between preschool participation and children's academic and behavioral outcomes--both at school entry (Mean age = 5.6 years in both cohorts) and through third grade--have changed…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Preschool Education
Penner, Emily K. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) differences in parenting are often implicated in widening the SES-achievement gap. Using nationally representative data (N = 12,887), this study tests for variation across SES in the types and intensity of parenting behaviors utilized and then examines SES differences in the relationship between parenting and student…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Socioeconomic Status, Child Rearing, Kindergarten
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: School absenteeism has been recognized as a growing issue in the United States, especially during the early elementary school years when it is most pervasive. Accordingly, there has been growing interest in understanding why children are absent and whether certain early educational experiences can reduce children's rates of school…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Child Care Centers
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 were used to examine the implications of preschool and full-day kindergarten enrollment for the subsequent school absences of 2,056 children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities who went to preschool were absent less frequently in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Attendance Patterns
Ansari, Arya – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (n = 15,070), this study used propensity scores to examine the short- and long-term academic and psychosocial benefits of preschool education for a diverse sample of middle-class children. Compared with children who attended informal care at age 4, preschool…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Benefits, Middle Class, Preschool Children
Wood, Carla; Fitton, Lisa; Petscher, Yaacov; Rodriguez, Estrella; Sunderman, Gretchen; Lim, Taehyeong – Grantee Submission, 2018
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of an intensive vocabulary intervention embedded in e-books on the vocabulary skills of young Spanish-English speaking English Learners (ELs) from low SES backgrounds. Methods: Children (288) in kindergarten and first grade were randomly assigned to treatment and read-only conditions. All children…
Descriptors: Books, Electronic Publishing, Vocabulary Development, Bilingual Students
Wood, Carla; Fitton, Lisa; Rodriguez, Estrella – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study aimed to describe home literacy (HL) activities of Spanish-/English-speaking children of low-socioeconomic status backgrounds and examine the relationship between HL and performance on standardized assessments. Parents of 65 dual-language learners (DLLs) in kindergarten completed an HL questionnaire. Parents reported an average of 17…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Education, Kindergarten
Wenz-Gross, Melodie; Yoo, Yeonsoo; Upshur, Carole C.; Gambino, Anthony J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Efforts to improve the achievement gap between low-income children and their more affluent peers has led to the development of classroom interventions and curricula to increase executive functioning (EF) and social-emotional skills (SE), thought to be foundational for learning. The Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum is a commercially…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Achievement Gap, At Risk Students, Executive Function
Jenkins, Jade Marcus – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach…
Descriptors: Health Insurance, Kindergarten, Outreach Programs, Public Policy
Jenkins, Jade M.; Watts, Tyler W.; Magnuson, Katherine; Gershoff, Elizabeth; Clements, Douglas; Sarama, Julie; Duncan, Greg J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Prior research shows that short-term effects from preschool may disappear, but little research has considered which environmental conditions might sustain academic advantages from preschool into elementary school. Using secondary data from two preschool experiments, we investigate whether features of elementary schools, particularly advanced…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Educational Quality, Preschool Education
Duncan, Robert J.; Schmitt, Sara A.; Burke, Maura; McClelland, Megan M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Self-regulation and academic skills in kindergarten are strong predictors of later achievement. However, many children enter kindergarten without adequate levels of these skills, often because of limited participation in early childhood education. The current study examined a kindergarten readiness summer program (Bridge to Kindergarten; B2K) that…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, School Readiness, Summer Programs
Puranik, Cynthia S.; Patchan, Melissa M.; Sears, Mary M.; McMaster, Kristen L. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Curriculum-based measures (CBMs) are necessary for educators to quickly assess student skill levels and monitor progress. This study examined the use of the alphabet writing fluency task, a CBM of writing, to assess handwriting fluency--that is, how well children access, retrieve, and write letter forms automatically. In the current study, the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Alphabets, Writing Skills, Time on Task
Wood, Carla; Hoge, Rachel – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study aimed to describe change in dual language learners' (DLLs) morphosyntactic skills from kindergarten to first grade based on a sentence repetition task in English and Spanish. Methods: The sample included Spanish-English speaking children (n = 25). Investigators employed a repeated measures analysis of variance with one…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
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