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Showing 1 to 15 of 112 results Save | Export
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
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Harmon, Hobart; Tate, Veronica; Stevens, Jennifer; Wilborn, Sandy; Adams, Sue – Grantee Submission, 2018
The goal of the Rural Math Excel Partnership (RMEP) project, a development project funded by the U.S. Department of Education Investing in Innovation (i3) grant program, was to develop a model of shared responsibility among families, teachers, and communities in rural areas as collective support for student success in and preparation for advanced…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Partnerships in Education, Program Evaluation, Mathematics Education
Sinharay, Sandip – Grantee Submission, 2018
Producers and consumers of test scores are increasingly concerned about fraudulent behavior before and during the test. There exist several statistical or psychometric methods for detecting fraudulent behavior on tests. This paper provides a review of the Bayesian approaches among them. Four hitherto-unpublished real data examples are provided to…
Descriptors: Ethics, Cheating, Student Behavior, Bayesian Statistics
McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Guerrero, Tricia A.; Kent, Kevin M.; Allen, Laura K.; McNamara, Danielle S.; Chao, Szu-Fu; Steinberg, Jonathan; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sabatini, John – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background knowledge is a strong predictor of reading comprehension; yet little is known about how different types of background knowledge affect comprehension. The study investigated the impacts of both domain and topic-specific background knowledge on students' ability to comprehend and learn from science texts. High school students (n = 3650)…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, High School Students, Pretests Posttests
Liu, Ran; Stamper, John; Davenport, Jodi – Grantee Submission, 2018
Temporal analyses are critical to understanding learning processes, yet understudied in education research. Data from different sources are often collected at different grain sizes, which are difficult to integrate. Making sense of data at many levels of analysis, including the most detailed levels, is highly time-consuming. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Learning, Data Analysis, Student Development
Dowdy, Erin; Furlong, Michael J.; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Moore, Stephanie; Moffa, Kathryn – Grantee Submission, 2018
Contemporary mental health assessment conceptualizations focus on both well-being and distress. This study presents initial validation information for the "Social Emotional Distress Survey--Secondary" (SEDS-S), which was designed for school-based complete mental health screening that employs brief self-report measures of well-being and…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Screening Tests, Well Being, Mental Health
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Likens, Aaron D.; McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Allen, Laura K.; McNamara, Danielle D. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Self-explanations are commonly used to assess on-line reading comprehension processes. However, traditional methods of analysis ignore important temporal variations in these explanations. This study investigated how dynamical systems theory could be used to reveal linguistic patterns that are predictive of self-explanation quality. High school…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, High School Students, Content Area Reading, Sciences
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McCarthy, Kathryn S.; Likens, Aaron D.; Kopp, Kristopher K.; Perret, Cecile A.; Watanabe, Micah; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The current study explored relations between non-cognitive traits (Grit, Learning Orientation, Performance Orientation), reading skill, and performance across three experiments conducted in the context of two intelligent tutoring systems, iSTART and Writing Pal. Results showed that learning outcomes (comprehension score, holistic essay score) were…
Descriptors: Persistence, Individual Characteristics, Reading Skills, Performance
Davenport, Jodi L.; Rafferty, Anna N.; Yaron, David J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
How can we help students develop an understanding of chemistry that integrates conceptual knowledge with the experimental and computational procedures needed to apply chemistry in authentic contexts? The current work describes ChemVLab +, a set of online chemistry activities that were developed using promising design principles from chemistry…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Science Laboratories, Educational Technology
Deane, Paul; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Chao, Szu-Fu; Dreier, Kelsey – Grantee Submission, 2018
The purpose of the report is to explore some of the mechanisms involved in the writing process. In particular, we examine students' process data (keystroke log analysis) to uncover how students approach a knowledge-telling task using 2 different task types. In the first task, students were asked to list as many words as possible related to a…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Prior Learning, Task Analysis, High School Students
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Vaughn, Sharon; Martinez, Leticia R.; Williams, Kelly J.; Miciak, Jeremy; Fall, Anna-Maria; Roberts, Greg – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study examined the effects of Reading Intervention for Adolescents, a 2-year extensive reading intervention targeting current and former English learners identified as struggling readers based on their performance on the state accountability assessment. Students who enrolled at three participating urban high schools were randomly assigned to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Programs, Adolescents, Reading Difficulties
Shi, Ying – Grantee Submission, 2018
This paper uses administrative North Carolina data linked from high school to college and national surveys to characterize the largest contributor to the STEM gender gap: engineering. Disparities are the result of differential entry during high school or earlier rather than postsecondary exit. Differences in pre-college academic preparation…
Descriptors: Females, Engineering, Professional Personnel, Gender Differences
Debnam, Katrina J.; Saha, Shonali; Bradshaw, Catherine – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: Synthetic and other drugs have become available to teens, yet little is known about risk factors of use. Objective: To examine adolescent use of one class of synthetic drugs and its association with perceptions about its prevalence, access, and risk of substance use. Methods: Adolescents from a convenience sample of 104 middle and high…
Descriptors: High School Students, Drug Use, Drug Abuse, Risk
Broderick, Patricia C.; Frank, Jennifer L.; Berrena, Elaine; Schussler, Deborah L.; Kohler, Kimberly; Mitra, Joy; Khan, Lamiya; Levitan, Joseph; Mahfouz, Julia; Shields, Lauren; Greenberg, Mark T. – Grantee Submission, 2018
As interest increases in mindfulness in education programs for youth, there is a need to develop reliable measures of the quality of program implementation. This paper describes the development and psychometric properties of a measure that can be used to assess and monitor quality of implementation of mindfulness programs/curricula in typical…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Relaxation Training, Test Construction
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