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Showing 1 to 15 of 24 results Save | Export
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
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Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; Hardcastle, Joseph; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
We compared students' performance on a paper-based test (PBT) and three computer-based tests (CBTs). The three computer-based tests used different test navigation and answer selection features, allowing us to examine how these features affect student performance. The study sample consisted of 9,698 fourth through twelfth grade students from across…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Scores
Braithwaite, David W.; Siegler, Robert S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Fraction arithmetic is among the most important and difficult topics children encounter in elementary and middle school mathematics. Braithwaite, Pyke, and Siegler (2017) hypothesized that difficulties learning fraction arithmetic often reflect reliance on associative knowledge--rather than understanding of mathematical concepts and procedures--to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction
Ansari, Arya – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (n = 15,070), this study used propensity scores to examine the short- and long-term academic and psychosocial benefits of preschool education for a diverse sample of middle-class children. Compared with children who attended informal care at age 4, preschool…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Benefits, Middle Class, Preschool Children
Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Algebra I is a crucial course for middle and high school students for successful STEM related coursework. A key issue is whether students should take Algebra I in 8th versus 9th grade. Large-scale policy studies show conflicting results, and there are few (particularly longitudinal) individual difference studies. Here, 53 students were assessed in…
Descriptors: Algebra, Grade 8, Grade 9, Middle School Students
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Flowers, Nancy; Carpenter, Dawn M. H.; Begum, Shahana – Grantee Submission, 2018
The Middle-Grades Leadership Development (MLD) Project was designed to develop principal leaders and leadership teams who create high-performing middle-grades schools. Designed by the National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform, the four-year project was funded from 2013 to 2017 by a U.S. Department of Education Investing in Innovation (i3)…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Leadership Training, Principals, Grants
Langberg, Joshua M.; Molitor, Stephen J.; Oddo, Lauren E.; Eadeh, Hana-May; Dvorsky, Melissa R.; Becker, Stephen P. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple types of sleep problems in young adolescents with ADHD. Method: 262 adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD and their caregivers completed well-validated measures of sleep problems and daytime sleepiness. Participants also completed measures related…
Descriptors: Sleep, Early Adolescents, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Drug Therapy
Steele, Jennifer L.; Slater, Robert O.; Zamarro, Gema; Miller, Trey; Li, Jennifer; Burkhauser, Susan; Bacon, Michael – Grantee Submission, 2017
Using data from seven cohorts of language immersion lottery applicants in a large, urban school district, we estimate the causal effects of immersion programs on students' test scores in reading, mathematics, and science, and on English learners' (EL) reclassification. We estimate positive intent-to-treat (ITT) effects on reading performance in…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Sanchez, Victoria; Beach, Kristen D.; Bocian, Kathleen M. – Grantee Submission, 2017
This research replicates an earlier study (O'Connor, Beach, Sanchez, Bocian, & Flynn, 2015) and extends it by shifting instructional responsibility from researchers to special education teachers, who implemented reading instruction that included multisyllabic word decoding, academic vocabulary, and three comprehension strategies (generating…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Decoding (Reading), Grade 8
O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Beach, Kristen D.; Sanchez, Victoria; Bocian, Kathleen M.; Roberts, Sarana; Chan, Olivia – Grantee Submission, 2017
Helping struggling readers to learn history content in middle school can be difficult due to heavy reading demands. In this study, researchers taught poor readers with and without disabilities in 8th grade to generate main idea statements, create compare and contrast paragraphs, and identify cause and effect relationships, along with relevant…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Disabilities
Vincent, Claudia G.; Tobin, Tary J.; Van Ryzin, Mark J. – Grantee Submission, 2017
The Native Community strongly recommends integrating Native language and culture (NLC) into reading instruction to improve outcomes for American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) students. However, little is known about the extent to which recommended practices are used and what might facilitate their implementation. The National Indian Education Study…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives, Culturally Relevant Education
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Van Ryzin, Mark J.; Vincent, Claudia G. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Because students from American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) backgrounds tend to lag behind their peers in academic achievement, researchers have recommended integrating Native Language and Culture (NLC) into instruction. However, existing evidence from large-scale studies finds a "negative" effect of the use of NLC on achievement,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives
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Jacovina, Matthew E.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2017
In this chapter, we describe several intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) designed to support student literacy through reading comprehension and writing instruction and practice. Although adaptive instruction can be a powerful tool in the literacy domain, developing these technologies poses significant challenges. For example, evaluating the…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Literacy Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Grantee Submission, 2017
This article describes evidence-based practices that beginning special education teachers can readily implement in special or general education settings that promote reading and content outcomes for students with disabilities as well as general education students. We describe two approaches: (a) Promoting Adolescents' Comprehension of Text (PACT),…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Social Studies, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
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