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Talwar, Amani; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Greenberg, Daphne – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study explored the background knowledge (BK) and reading comprehension (RC) relationship for struggling adult readers. Using confirmatory factor analyses, a single-factor BK model exhibited better fit than a two-factor model separating academic knowledge and general information, which indicates that BK represents a unidimensional construct…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models
Ng, Shukhan; Payne, Brennan R.; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A. L.; Federmeier, Kara D. – Grantee Submission, 2018
We investigated how struggling adult readers make use of sentence context to facilitate word processing when comprehending spoken language, conditions under which print decoding is not a barrier to comprehension. Stimuli were strongly and weakly constraining sentences (as measured by cloze probability), which ended with the most expected word…
Descriptors: Adults, Reading Difficulties, Sentences, Context Effect
Duran, Chelsea A. K.; Byers, Anthony; Cameron, Claire E.; Grissmer, David – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has illuminated contributions--usually modeled separately--of both executive functioning (EF) and visuomotor integration (VMI) to mathematical development in early elementary school. This study examined simultaneous associations of EF and VMI, measured at the beginning of the school year, with concurrent and later mathematics performance…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Low Income Groups, Grade 1
Shi, Genghu; Lippert, Anne M.; Shubeck, Keith; Fang, Ying; Chen, Su; Pavlik, Philip, Jr.; Greenberg, Daphne; Graesser, Arthur C. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Reading comprehension is often assessed by having students read passages and administering a test that assesses their understanding of the text. Shorter assessments may fail to give a full picture of comprehension ability while more thorough ones can be time consuming and costly. This study used data from a conversational intelligent tutoring…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Adults, Accuracy
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Fang, Ying; Shubeck, Keith; Lippert, Anne; Chen, Qinyu; Shi, Genghu; Feng, Shi; Gatewood, Jessica; Chen, Su; Cai, Zhiqiang; Pavlik, Philip; Frijters, Jan; Greenberg, Daphne; Graesser, Arthur – Grantee Submission, 2018
A common goal of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) is to provide learning environments that adapt to the varying abilities and characteristics of users. To do this, researchers must identify the learning patterns exhibited by those interacting with the system. In the present work, we use clustering analysis to capture learning patterns in over…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Adult Literacy
Wenz-Gross, Melodie; Yoo, Yeonsoo; Upshur, Carole C.; Gambino, Anthony J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Efforts to improve the achievement gap between low-income children and their more affluent peers has led to the development of classroom interventions and curricula to increase executive functioning (EF) and social-emotional skills (SE), thought to be foundational for learning. The Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum is a commercially…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Achievement Gap, At Risk Students, Executive Function
Solari, Emily J.; Grimm, Ryan P.; McIntyre, Nancy S.; Denton, Carolyn A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study examined the relations between and predictive power of three important subcomponents skills of reading comprehension: decoding, listening comprehension, and reading fluency. Through a series of structural equation models, we examine the relations within a full sample of first grade students at the beginning of the year (N = 290). Next,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading), Listening Comprehension, Reading Fluency
Muggeo, Michela A.; Stewart, Catherine E.; Drake, Kelly L.; Ginsburg, Golda S. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Anxiety disorders are common in children and severely impair their functioning. Because a hallmark symptom of anxiety is somatic complaints, anxious youth often seek help from their school nurse. Thus, school nurses are in an ideal position to identify anxious children and intervene early. This study assessed the feasibility of a brief…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, School Nurses, Role, Intervention
Steen-Baker, Allison A.; Ng, Shukhan; Payne, Brennan R.; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Federmeier, Kara D.; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A. L. – Grantee Submission, 2017
The facilitation of word processing by sentence context reflects the interaction between the build-up of message-level semantics and lexical processing. Yet, little is known about how this effect varies through adulthood as a function of reading skill. In this study, Participants 18-64 years old with a range of literacy competence read simple…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Language Processing, Literacy, Age Differences
O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Beach, Kristen D.; Sanchez, Victoria; Bocian, Kathleen M.; Roberts, Sarana; Chan, Olivia – Grantee Submission, 2017
Helping struggling readers to learn history content in middle school can be difficult due to heavy reading demands. In this study, researchers taught poor readers with and without disabilities in 8th grade to generate main idea statements, create compare and contrast paragraphs, and identify cause and effect relationships, along with relevant…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Disabilities
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Bush, Hillary H.; Cohen, Shana R.; Eisenhower, Abbey S.; Blacher, Jan – Grantee Submission, 2017
Among typically developing children, many characteristics have been associated with parents' expectations for their children's adjustment to school and academic progress. Despite the history of increased parental involvement in the education of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relative to parents of children without ASD, there is…
Descriptors: Parents, Expectation, Young Children, Autism
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Herman, Keith C.; Reinke, Wendy M. – Grantee Submission, 2017
For children with the most serious and persistent academic and behavior problems, parent involvement in education, particularly teacher perceptions of involvement, is essential to avert their expected long-term negative outcomes. Despite the widespread interest in and perceived importance of parent involvement in education, however, few…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Parent Participation, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness
Goble, Priscilla; Eggum-Wilkens, Natalie D.; Bryce, Crystal I.; Foster, Stacie A.; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Fabes, Richard A. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Transactional relations between children's positive social interaction skills, school engagement, and academic achievement were examined using a longitudinal panel model across the transition from preschool to first grade. Participants were Head Start children (N = 241; 49% girls, M age = 53 months, range 45-60); 78% were Mexican/Mexican-American;…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education, Grade 1, Kindergarten
Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Lang; Young, Christopher J.; Hambrick, David Z.; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Grantee Submission, 2017
In a previous study, Mix et al. (2016) reported that spatial skill and mathematics were composed of 2 highly correlated, domain-specific factors, with a few cross-domain loadings. The overall structure was consistent across grade (kindergarten, 3rd grade, 6th grade), but the cross-domain loadings varied with age. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 3
Wanzek, Jeanne; Petscher, Yaacov; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Rivas, Brenna; Jones, Francesca; Kent, Shawn; Schatschneider, Christopher; Mehta, Paras – Grantee Submission, 2017
Research examining effective reading interventions for students with reading difficulties in the upper elementary grades is limited relative to the information available for the early elementary grades. In the current study, we examined the effects of a multicomponent reading intervention for students with reading comprehension difficulties. We…
Descriptors: Reading Tests, Achievement Tests, Elementary School Students, Reading Fluency
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