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Gandhi, Allison Gruner; Ogut, Burhan; Stein, Laura; Bzura, Robin; Danielson, Louis – Grantee Submission, 2017
This study reports findings from studies examining potential read-aloud accommodations on standardized reading comprehension assessments for students with decoding difficulties. Three types of accommodations were evaluated: question stems and answer options read aloud; question stems, answer options, and proper nouns read aloud; and full…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Reading Tests
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Tolar, Tammy D. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine child-level pathways in development of prealgebraic knowledge versus word-problem solving, while evaluating the contribution of calculation accuracy and fluency as mediators of foundational skills/processes. Children (n = 962; mean 7.60 years) were assessed on general cognitive processes and early…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Skills, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Wang, Amber Y.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and linguistic predictors of word problems with versus without irrelevant information. The sample was 701 2nd-grade students who received no specialized intervention on word problems. In the fall, they were assessed on initial arithmetic and word-problem skill as well as language ability, working…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Mathematics Skills
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Malone, Amelia; Schumacher, Robin F.; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Siegler, Robert S.; Gersten, Russell; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2015
The main purposes of this study were to test the effects of teaching at-risk 4th graders to provide explanations for their mathematics work and examine whether those effects occur by compensating for limitations in cognitive processes. We randomly assigned 212 children to 3 conditions: a control group and 2 variants of a multi-component fraction…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive predictors of calculations and number line estimation with whole numbers and fractions. At-risk 4th-grade students (N = 139) were assessed on 7 domain-general abilities (i.e., working memory, processing speed, concept formation, language, attentive behavior, and nonverbal reasoning) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, At Risk Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Cirino, Paul T.; Siegler, Robert; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2013
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of an intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' understanding of fractions and to examine the processes by which effects occurred. The intervention focused more on the measurement interpretation of fractions; the control condition focused more on the part-whole interpretation…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics