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Stichter, Janine P; Malugen, Emily; Herzog, Melissa; O'Donnell, Rose; Kilgus, S; Schoemann, Alexander M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness
Ennis, Robin Parks; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Oakes, Wendy Peia – Grantee Submission, 2018
Instructional choice is a low-intensity strategy that can improve academic engagement. In this study, we investigated the effects of within-activity choices offered during math by third-grade teachers to participating students with behavioral and academic needs. We utilized a professional development model to train teachers to implement…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Grade 3, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Teachers
Bock, Allison M.; Cartwright, Kelly B.; McKnight, Patrick E.; Patterson, Allyson B.; Shriver, Amber G.; Leaf, Britney M.; Mohtasham, Mandana K.; Vennergrund, Katherine C.; Pasnak, Robert – Grantee Submission, 2018
Detecting a pattern within a sequence of ordered units, defined as patterning, is a cognitive ability that is important in learning mathematics and influential in learning to read. The present study was designed to examine relations between first-grade children's executive functions, patterning, and reading abilities, and to examine whether these…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Pattern Recognition, Reading Ability
Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Zippert, Erica L.; Boice, Katherine L. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Because math knowledge begins to develop at a young age to varying degrees, it is important to identify foundational cognitive and academic skills that might contribute to its development. The current study focused on two important, but often overlooked skills that recent evidence suggests are important contributors to early math development:…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Knowledge Level
Langberg, Joshua M.; Molitor, Stephen J.; Oddo, Lauren E.; Eadeh, Hana-May; Dvorsky, Melissa R.; Becker, Stephen P. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple types of sleep problems in young adolescents with ADHD. Method: 262 adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD and their caregivers completed well-validated measures of sleep problems and daytime sleepiness. Participants also completed measures related…
Descriptors: Sleep, Early Adolescents, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Drug Therapy
Dore, Rebecca A.; Smith, Eric D.; Lillard, Angeline S. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Adults adopt the traits of characters in narratives, but little is known about whether children do so. In Study 1, 7- and 10-year-olds (N = 96) heard a 2.5-minute recording about a professor or cheerleader. Reporting higher engagement in the professor narrative related to more time playing with an analytical toy (a Rubik's cube), whereas reporting…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Young Children, Personality Traits, Modeling (Psychology)
Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Lang; Young, Christopher J.; Hambrick, David Z.; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Grantee Submission, 2017
In a previous study, Mix et al. (2016) reported that spatial skill and mathematics were composed of 2 highly correlated, domain-specific factors, with a few cross-domain loadings. The overall structure was consistent across grade (kindergarten, 3rd grade, 6th grade), but the cross-domain loadings varied with age. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 3
La Marca, Jeffry P.; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Research consistently demonstrates that attention deficits have a deleterious effect on academic achievement. Impairments in attention, and not hyperactivity/impulsivity, are associated with learning difficulties and academic problems in students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To date, most studies have focused on symptoms…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Neurology, Biofeedback, Intervention
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Liu, Haiyan; Zhang, Zhiyong; Grimm, Kevin J. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Growth curve modeling provides a general framework for analyzing longitudinal data from social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Bayesian methods have been used to estimate growth curve models, in which priors need to be specified for unknown parameters. For the covariance parameter matrix, the inverse Wishart prior is most commonly used due…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Growth Models
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Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Ling; Young, Chris; Hambrick, D. Zachary; Ping, Raedy – Grantee Submission, 2016
The relations among various spatial and mathematics skills were assessed in a cross-sectional study of 854 children from kindergarten, third, and sixth grades (i.e., 5 to 13 years of age). Children completed a battery of spatial mathematics tests and their scores were submitted to exploratory factor analyses both within and across domains. In the…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Kindergarten, Grade 3
Fleury, Veronica P.; Hedges, Susan; Hume, Kara; Browder, Diane M.; Thompson, Julie L.; Fallin, Kathy; El Zein, Farah; Reutebuch, Colleen Klein; Vaughn, Sharon – Grantee Submission, 2014
The number of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who enter secondary school settings and access the general education curriculum continues to grow. Many educators may find they are not prepared to adapt their instruction to meet both state standards and the diverse needs of the full spectrum individuals with ASD, which has…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Secondary Education, Academic Achievement