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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Van Ryzin, Mark J.; Vincent, Claudia G. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Because students from American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) backgrounds tend to lag behind their peers in academic achievement, researchers have recommended integrating Native Language and Culture (NLC) into instruction. However, existing evidence from large-scale studies finds a "negative" effect of the use of NLC on achievement,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives
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Olney, Andrew M.; Walker, Breya; Davis, Raven N.; Graesser, Art – Grantee Submission, 2017
Over the past 50 years, an increasing proportion of student graduating high school attend college, but literacy levels in the United States have remained largely unchanged. We present preliminary results that suggest the literacy levels of assessed first year college freshmen are above 5th grade but below 12th grade, that only 32% of these…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Reading Skills, Adult Literacy, High School Equivalency Programs
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Malone, Amelia S.; Wang, Amber; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Siegler, Robert S.; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purposes of this study were to (a) investigate the efficacy of a core fraction intervention program on understanding and calculation skill and (b) isolate the effects of different forms of fraction word-problem (WP) intervention delivered as part of the larger program. At-risk 4th graders (n = 213) were randomly assigned at the individual…
Descriptors: Grade 4, At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Malone, Amelia; Schumacher, Robin F.; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Siegler, Robert S.; Gersten, Russell; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2015
The main purposes of this study were to test the effects of teaching at-risk 4th graders to provide explanations for their mathematics work and examine whether those effects occur by compensating for limitations in cognitive processes. We randomly assigned 212 children to 3 conditions: a control group and 2 variants of a multi-component fraction…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction
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Malone, Amelia Schneider; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2015
The 3 purposes of this study were to: (a) describe fraction ordering errors among at-risk 4th-grade students; (b) assess the effect of part-whole understanding and accuracy of fraction magnitude estimation on the probability of committing errors; and (c) examine the effect of students' ability to explain comparing problems on the probability of…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Fractions, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Malone, Amelia S.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the relative contribution of teacher and tutor ratings of inattentive behavior in two different instructional settings in predicting students' performance on fraction concepts and whole-number calculations. Classroom teachers rated each student's attentive behavior in a whole-class setting and tutors rated…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Sterba, Sonya K.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Malone, Amelia; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Gersten, Russell; Siegler, Robert S.; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2014
This study investigated whether individual differences in working memory (WM) moderate effects of 2 variations of intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' fraction knowledge. We also examined the effects of each intervention condition against a business-as-usual control group and assessed whether children's measurement interpretation…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction
Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Grantee Submission, 2014
We use three data sources to build a rationale for why intensive interventions are necessary for students with pervasive reading disabilities: current data on the performance of students with disabilities on reading achievement measures over time, observation studies on students with reading disabilities in general and special education…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Observation
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Cirino, Paul T.; Siegler, Robert; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2013
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of an intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' understanding of fractions and to examine the processes by which effects occurred. The intervention focused more on the measurement interpretation of fractions; the control condition focused more on the part-whole interpretation…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics
Ho, Andrew D.; Reardon, Sean F. – Grantee Submission, 2012
Test scores are commonly reported in a small number of ordered categories. Examples of such reporting include state accountability testing, Advanced Placement tests, and English proficiency tests. This paper introduces and evaluates methods for estimating achievement gaps on a familiar standard-deviation-unit metric using data from these ordered…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Scores, Computation, Classification