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Bassok, Daphna; Gibbs, Chloe R.; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study employs data from both kindergarten cohorts of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (n ~ 12,450 in 1998; n ~ 11,000 in 2010) to assess whether associations between preschool participation and children's academic and behavioral outcomes--both at school entry (Mean age = 5.6 years in both cohorts) and through third grade--have changed…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Preschool Education
Penner, Emily K. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) differences in parenting are often implicated in widening the SES-achievement gap. Using nationally representative data (N = 12,887), this study tests for variation across SES in the types and intensity of parenting behaviors utilized and then examines SES differences in the relationship between parenting and student…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Socioeconomic Status, Child Rearing, Kindergarten
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: School absenteeism has been recognized as a growing issue in the United States, especially during the early elementary school years when it is most pervasive. Accordingly, there has been growing interest in understanding why children are absent and whether certain early educational experiences can reduce children's rates of school…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Child Care Centers
Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 were used to examine the implications of preschool and full-day kindergarten enrollment for the subsequent school absences of 2,056 children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities who went to preschool were absent less frequently in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Attendance Patterns
Ackert, Elizabeth; Ressler, Robert; Ansari, Arya; Crosnoe, Robert – Grantee Submission, 2018
Integrating family and child data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort with contextual data from the Census, this study examined associations among maternal employment, aspects of communities related to child care supply and demand, and the early care and education arrangements of 4-year-olds in Mexican-origin, black, and white…
Descriptors: Mothers, Employed Parents, Children, Child Care
Ansari, Arya – Grantee Submission, 2018
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort of 1998 (n = 15,070), this study used propensity scores to examine the short- and long-term academic and psychosocial benefits of preschool education for a diverse sample of middle-class children. Compared with children who attended informal care at age 4, preschool…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Benefits, Middle Class, Preschool Children
Furnari, Emily C.; Whittaker, Jessica; Kinzie, Mable; DeCoster, Jamie – Grantee Submission, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act requires that 95% of students in all public elementary and secondary schools are assessed in mathematics. Unfortunately, direct assessments of young students can be timely, costly, and challenging to administer. Therefore, policy makers have looked to indirect forms of assessment, such as teachers' ratings of student…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Alternative Assessment, Children, Correlation
Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Li, Hui; Pun, Wik Hung; Cook, Michael – Grantee Submission, 2017
We examined the extent to which disparities in the receipt of special education services for speech or language impairments (SLIs) on the basis of race, ethnicity, or language use by kindergarten--when the delivery of these services might be expected to be most effective- have changed over a 12-year period in the United States. Logistic regression…
Descriptors: African American Students, Cohort Analysis, Disproportionate Representation, Ethnicity
Bassok, Daphna; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2017
Private and public investments in early childhood education have expanded significantly in recent years. Despite this heightened investment, we have little empirical evidence on whether children today enter school with different skills than they did in the late nineties. Using two large, nationally representative datasets, this paper documents how…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Childhood Education, Literacy, Mathematics Skills
Ansari, Arya – Grantee Submission, 2017
With the national push to expand preschool education, there has been growing interest in understanding why Latino families are enrolled in preschool at lower rates than non-Latino families. This study applied the accommodations model by Meyers and Jordan (2006) to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 5,850) to provide a more…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, School Choice, Hispanic Americans, Children
Kern, Justin L.; McBride, Brent A.; Laxman, Daniel J.; Dyer, W. Justin; Santos, Rosa M.; Jeans, Laurie M. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Measurement invariance (MI) is a property of measurement that is often implicitly assumed, but in many cases, not tested. When the assumption of MI is tested, it generally involves determining if the measurement holds longitudinally or cross-culturally. A growing literature shows that other groupings can, and should, be considered as well.…
Descriptors: Psychology, Measurement, Error of Measurement, Measurement Objectives
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
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Liu, Haiyan; Zhang, Zhiyong; Grimm, Kevin J. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Growth curve modeling provides a general framework for analyzing longitudinal data from social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Bayesian methods have been used to estimate growth curve models, in which priors need to be specified for unknown parameters. For the covariance parameter matrix, the inverse Wishart prior is most commonly used due…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Growth Models
Zhang, Zhiyong – Grantee Submission, 2016
Growth curve models are widely used in social and behavioral sciences. However, typical growth curve models often assume that the errors are normally distributed although non-normal data may be even more common than normal data. In order to avoid possible statistical inference problems in blindly assuming normality, a general Bayesian framework is…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Models, Statistical Distributions, Computation
Willoughby, Michael T.; Blair, Clancy B. – Grantee Submission, 2016
This study tested whether individual executive function (EF) tasks were better characterized as formative or reflective indicators of the latent construct of EF. EF data that were collected as part of the Family Life Project (FLP), a prospective longitudinal study of families who were recruited at the birth of a new child (N = 1,292), when…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Executive Function, Formative Evaluation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
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Morgan, Paul L.; Hammer, Carol Scheffner; Farkas, Geroge; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve; Cook, Michael; Morano, Stephanie – Grantee Submission, 2016
Purpose: We sought to identify factors predictive of or associated with receipt of speech/language services during early childhood. We did so by analyzing data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B; Andreassen & Fletcher, 2005), a nationally representative dataset maintained by the U.S. Department of Education. We…
Descriptors: Young Children, Speech Language Pathology, Intervention, Delayed Speech
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