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Taboada Barber, Ana; Klauda, Susan Lutz; Wang, Weimeng – Grantee Submission, 2022
Socio-emotional constructs have been receiving increased attention as contributors to children's literacy development. However, in comparison to positive socio-emotional constructs, negative socio-emotional constructs have been understudied with respect to their role in reading achievement in both dual language learners (DLLs) and English speakers…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Reading, Reading Achievement, English Language Learners
Raley, Sheida K.; Shogren, Karrie A.; Brunson, Lashanna; Gragoudas, Stelios; Thomas, Kelli R.; Pace, Jesse R. – Grantee Submission, 2022
Implementation supports for teachers can significantly impact the degree to which evidence-based practices are used as intended with secondary students across settings and content areas. The present analysis focused on examining the impact of teacher implementation supports on the goals set by students with and without disabilities engaging in an…
Descriptors: High School Students, Goal Orientation, Inclusion, Self Determination
Messinger, Daniel S.; Moffitt, Jacquelyn; Mitsven, Samantha G.; Ahn, Yeojin Amy; Custode, Stephanie; Chervonenko, Evgeniy; Sadiq, Saad; Shyu, Mei-Ling; Perry, Lynn K. – Grantee Submission, 2022
Early interaction is a dynamic, emotional process in which infants influence and are influ­enced by caregivers and peers. This chapter reviews new developments in behavior imag­ing--objective quantification of human action--and computational approaches to the study of early emotional interaction and development. Advances in the automated…
Descriptors: Infants, Interaction, Early Experience, Peer Relationship
Gross, Max; Baron, E. Jason – Grantee Submission, 2022
Six percent of children in the United States enter foster care by age 18. We estimate the effects of foster care on children's outcomes by exploiting the quasi-random assignment of child welfare investigators in Michigan. We find that foster care improved children's safety and educational outcomes. Gains emerged after children exited the foster…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Child Welfare, Child Safety, Outcomes of Education
Baron, E. Jason – Grantee Submission, 2022
This study examines the impacts of two distinct types of school spending on student outcomes. State-imposed revenue limits cap the total amount of revenue that a school district in Wisconsin can raise unless the district holds a referendum asking voters to exceed the cap. Importantly, Wisconsin law requires districts to hold separate referenda for…
Descriptors: Expenditures, Outcomes of Education, State Legislation, School Districts
Smith, Tyler E.; Bauerband, Loren A.; Aguayo, David; McCall, Chynna S.; Huang, Francis L.; Reinke, Wendy M.; Herman, Keith C. – Grantee Submission, 2022
Gender minority youth experience bullying victimization at concerningly high rates. The current study sought to unmask potentially unique bullying victimization experiences and perceived prevalence of bullying for Transgender, fluid gender, and gender questioning students. Results revealed that all three gender minority groups were significantly…
Descriptors: Sexual Identity, Minority Group Students, Bullying, Victims
Herman, Keith C.; Dong, Nianbo; Reinke, Wendy M.; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Grantee Submission, 2022
As an example of how historical events may influence the findings and interpretations of a randomized trial, we use a school-based evaluation of a classroom management program that was conducted in a nearby district before and after the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri (N = 102 teachers and 1,450 students). The findings suggest that…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, African American Teachers, Intervention, African American Students
Fettig, Angel; Artman-Meeker, Kathleen; Jeon, Lieny; Chang, Huan-Ching – Grantee Submission, 2022
This paper presents findings from an exploratory study to define associations between social-emotional teaching practices and teacher characteristics through a person-centered approach. The sample consisted of 97 teachers working in center-based early childhood education settings with young children ages 2-5 in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. We…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Teachers, Social Emotional Learning, Emotional Development
Deng, Lifang; Yuan, Ke-Hai – Grantee Submission, 2022
Structural equation modeling (SEM) has been deemed as a proper method when variables contain measurement errors. In contrast, path analysis with composite-scores is preferred for prediction and diagnosis of individuals. While path analysis with composite-scores has been criticized for yielding biased parameter estimates, recent literature pointed…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Path Analysis, Weighted Scores, Error of Measurement
Zucker, Tricia A.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Petscher, Yaacov; Mui, Heather; Landry, Susan H.; Tock, Jamie – Grantee Submission, 2021
This study examines blending of classroom- and family-based supports within a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS). The present study focuses on a sample of Head Start children who are both experiencing poverty and scoring below early language and literacy screening benchmarks. This study begins to explore which combination of resources are the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Poverty, Language Skills
Epstein, Joyce L.; Mac Iver, Douglas J.; Mac Iver, Martha A.; Sheldon, Steven B. – Grantee Submission, 2021
Middle grades teachers want early adolescents to take responsibility for their own learning and success in school. One way to encourage this is with "interactive homework," which enables students to lead conversations with a parent or family partner about something interesting they are learning in class. An exploratory study tested…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Grade 8, Grade 9
Talwar, Amani; Greenberg, Daphne; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Li, Hongli – Grantee Submission, 2021
Research with school-age readers suggests that the contributions of reading and language skills vary across reading comprehension assessments and proficiency levels. With a sample of 168 struggling adult readers, we estimated the explanatory effects of decoding, oral vocabulary, listening comprehension, fluency, background knowledge, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Language Skills, Reading Difficulties
Girio-Herrera, Erin; Egan, Theresa E.; Owens, Julie Sarno; Evans, Steven W.; Coles, Erika K.; Holdaway, Alex S.; Mixon, Clifton S.; Kassab, Hannah D. – Grantee Submission, 2021
The goals of the study were to (a) examine teacher-reported acceptability of a daily report card (DRC) intervention for a student in their classroom prior to and during implementation; (b) examine factors that predict acceptability; and (c) explore the relations between teacher-reported acceptability, student and teacher characteristics prior to…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Report Cards, Program Implementation
Lee, Yeeun; Mikami, Amori Yee; Owens, Julie Sarno – Grantee Submission, 2021
Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in elementary school-age children are associated with poor relationships with classroom peers, as indicated by poor social preference, low peer support, and peer victimization. Less is known about how friendship patterns relate to ADHD symptoms, or how friendships may buffer risk for…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Friendship, Elementary School Students
Chen, Su; Fang, Ying; Shi, Genghu; Sabatini, John; Greenberg, Daphne; Frijters, Jan; Graesser, Arthur C. – Grantee Submission, 2021
This paper describes a new automated disengagement tracking system (DTS) that detects learners' maladaptive behaviors, e.g. mind-wandering and impetuous responding, in an intelligent tutoring system (ITS), called AutoTutor. AutoTutor is a conversation-based intelligent tutoring system designed to help adult literacy learners improve their reading…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Attention, Adult Literacy
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